This baby is delicious in the infancy stage;it's delicious at medium-sized summer squash.
And then, as I said, as it gets to be thislarge and dense winter squash, it saves all winter, and we can cut it open, and enjoya delicious pudding like squash; again, very dense, very sweet.
Next we have Chioggia,Marina de Chioggia, from the Venice region of Italy.
Now this baby is practically mythologicalin its formation, and its artistry, and its flavor.
What do you think about this guy?It's one of my favorites.
It's one of our favorites, it really is.
We we love it somuch we almost don't want to cut it open.
After you've grown one of these, it's verydifficult to go back to traditional squashes.
Last but not least today, we have this paintedcushaw.
This is a new addition to our farm, and I'll admit that I acquired it, and startedgrowing it because of its beautiful formation and color.
However, lo and behold, it's allas good as these other three.
So this, the painted cushaw has joined the family of ourfavorite heirloom squashes.
If you want any seeds for these beautiful squashes, or othervarieties of heirlooms, you can contact us at laughingdogfarm.
Beans are another wonderful crop that youcan save very easily.
A great crop for beginners to get started with.
You can see these scarletrunner beans are fully mature, fully formed and swollen.
Perhaps, not to the point offully dry.
But, ready and viable to be collected and shelled and saved when they are fullydry.
Here you can see three more varieties of heirloom beans that have been saved.
Thisis a King of the North, an American heirloom.
Which, we saved here at Laughing Dog Farm.
And, this is a pole bean from the Kingdom of Bhutan.
Which, was brought back by a friendof ours.
And, yet another pole bean.
The Bhutanese word is hsinchu.
And, we're extremely excitedto plant these heirloom bean seeds.
Now, the way to save bean seeds the way to collectthem is to allow the seed to grow and become fully mature.
Often times, at the top of apole or a trellis.
The ones that you can't reach, the ones that you can't harvest duringthe season, they're the perfect ones to save for seed.
Because, they're extremely welldeveloped and robust and completely, well they're probably the most viable.
Because,they're right up at the top of the plant.
So, when we're done growing pole beans andwe pull down the vines there's a beautiful seed crop just waiting for us right at thetop of the trellis.
So, we're going to talk to you about HeirloomSeeds and seed–saving, why they're so special, and how to get started with saving seeds.
We're going to cover some of the basics about saving seed for the self-pollinating varietieslike beans and tomatoes, and then we'll get into some of the trickier varieties to save,like the squashes and the corn and so forth.
And finally, we'll talk to you about sourcesfor seed, and how you too can get involved in the beautiful Heritage Seed Movement.
There'splenty for you to know about, and there's plenty to learn.
Many people are intimidatedand won't get started because they think they have to be an expert.
But really, if you wantto save seed, there's not that much to it, and all that's required is a love of growingthings, and a love of good food.
Heirloom seeds are everywhere.
Want to start with thesimple ones? Well, we'll get there – we'll be telling you about the simple ones shortly.
Poppies are really cool plants that a lotof people say they have trouble getting to grow in their garden and here is how I've beensuccessful with poppies.
I plant the seed in mid to late August of theperennial poppy.
I simply tossed it on the ground.
I don't cover it, I just toss it on the ground, press it in and water it.
The plants will begincoming up in the fall and don't worry about winter killing them too muchbecause come spring your plants will grow you will have beautiful poppiesjust like this and do allow your established poppies to go to seed anddrop the seed on their own.
Empowering Farmers with Better Seed Storage Storing seeds in the developing world is hard.
Storage facilities are often inadequate.
Pest problems abound and in the humid tropics, seeds rapidly deteriorate.
Bad seeds result in poor stand establishment,lack of crop uniformity and reduced yields.
Horticulture CRSP researchers are teachingfarmers the importance of saving good seed and providing them with an inexpensive seed-storagesolution.
Seeds are stored in air-tight containers withimproved desiccant beads.
Beads can be reused indefinitely, by baking between use.
Better seed storage enables smallholder farmersto invest in local seed markets, conserve native land races, and increase profits byincreasing yields, reducing postharvest losses and lowering pesticide use.
Contributors:Project Leaders- Kent Bradford, Preetambar DahalFunding- USAID Design Editor- Mark BellEditors- Peter Shapland, Amanda Crump Photos- Kent Bradford,m Kate Scow, HowardSchwartz, Harry Duncan, R.
Reynolds Tobacco Company, David Cappaert.
>> Marjory: Hi.
I'm Marjory Wildcraft again, and this timeI'm in California with Farmer John of the Sustainable Seed Company.
One of the things I love about the SustainableSeed Company is, John has spent a lot of time with every variety of seed that he offerson his website.
Go check his website out.
There's an incredible amount of detail aboutevery single plant that he offers, whether it's a good keeper, or whether its somethingyou're going to want to eat fresh, what kind of environments it grows in well and whereit doesn't, and general seed viability.
But today we're going to talk to John a littlebit about three key things that you want to know when you're looking to buy seeds.
Would you say the first thing is that you'regoing to want to get heirloom and open pollenated seeds? Is that? >> John: Generally, most people are lookingto save their seed.
You want to be able to save your seed fromyear to year.
In order to do that, you have to have openpollinated seed, or heirloom.
Heirloom basically means the seed's over 50years of age.
Those terms get a little bit loose with differentpeople, you know, whoever you talk to.
But the idea is it's passed down from onegeneration to the next, and it's done that way because it was delicious.
It was a really, you know, it tasted reallygood, or it stored really well.
You could can it and it still had its firmness.
But open pollinated just simply means thatyou can cross.
It would naturally cross.
And you can save those seeds.
>> Marjory: And when you plant them again,the plant is going to come true.
>> John: It's going to come true, versus hybridobviously takes two different parents.
Sometimes there are four or six differentparents.
But you can't necessarily save that seed andget what you planted originally.
Maybe one out of a hundred, and nobody hasthat kind of time.
>> Marjory: Now when you talked about seeds,you said 50 years.
They're not going to store those seeds for50 years.
Seed viability doesn't really last that long.
You mean that they've been harvesting andcollecting and growing.
But how long can we really expect, if we buysome seeds from you, or from anybody for any of our vegetable seeds, how long should weexpect them to last if we buy seeds.
>> John: Seeds generally, some seeds likeonion seeds, parsnip, that type of stuff, will only last a year.
And that's assuming that someone keeps themin a nice, dry, and cool condition.
And what I mean cool, an ideal temperaturewould be 55 to 65 degrees.
You can definitely, there have been caseswhere people have left it in their basement, and 10-15 years later been able to grow maybe50% of that.
But for the most part, most seeds like corn,beans, beets, those last about five years.
The thing that you have to think about withseeds is that they're a living organism.
It's not a widget.
You can't just put it on the shelf, dust itoff, throw it in the ground and expect it to grow.
A lot of growers are really bad about storingtheir extra seed in their greenhouse, where it's easy to get ahold of, but your greenhousetemperatures get to be 80-90 degrees, and that destroys the living embryo inside.
So it's really important to regrow your seed,if you have a seed bank, or buy more.
>> Marjory: From year to year.
So the first thing is, we're going to lookfor open pollenated or heirloom seeds, so that way they'll come true year after year.
The second thing is, they're only really goingto be viable on average for about five years.
So you pretty much want to buy what you'regoing to be growing in the next year or two.
And the third thing is, when you store them,you definitely want them in a cool, dry, dark place.
>> John: Correct.
And people use different things to keep themdry.
You can use silica in them, or some peoplejust use powdered milk even.
But you want to kind of keep the moistureaway from them.
You don't want them too wet.
That breaks them down as well.
Keep them out of the sunlight, obviously.
>> Marjory: They're going to try to grow.
Well, thank you so much, John.
And like I said, go to the Sustainable SeedCompany website.
They have some amazing descriptions, and that'sone of the things I love about it.
And Farmer John here is doing a tremendousamount with his company and ensuring that you get good quality, high purity seeds.
Until we film the next segment, this is MarjoryWildcraft, and you can Grow Your Own Groceries.
Seed Saving Networks in Southeast AsiaMany ethnic groups live in the mountains of Southeast Asia; each has unique culinary traditions and vegetable varieties.
Most farmers save their own seed and exchangeseeds with neighbors.
This maintains crop biodiversity, and preserveslocally adapted varieties.
These seeds are critical for food security.
However, most indigenous germplasm has not been characterized, preserved or improvedand seed saving networks and techniques are confined to limited geographic areas.
Hort CRSP scientists are helping communities overcome these barriers.
Researchers identified locally relevant species, documented farmers' techniques and testedthe viability of their seeds with a solar powered growth chamber.
The team organized seed exchanges that enabled greater sharing or seeds and best practices.
Farmers learned from each other and began evaluating their own seed stocks.
This project has improved connections between farmers, seed banks, and universities, andhelped spread both knowledge and diverse varieties.
Contributors:Team leaders- Ricky Bates, Thomas Gill Funding- USAIDDesign Editors- Mark Bell, Nick Madden Editor- Kelsey BaralePhotos- Ricky Bates, Thomas Gill, Diane Barrett, Elias Marvinney, Kylereed.
Com, ECHO Asia blog.
Hi I'm Tricia an organic gardener I groworganically for a healthy and safe food supply, for a clean and sustainable environment, for an enjoyable and rewardingexperience.
If you've gardened long enough you know there's aquandary of how to keep track of all your garden seeds.
When it comes to organizing my seed Idivide it into three groups based on planting time.
This is my six to eight weeks box.
Inside this box I have seeds like tomatoes and peppers that needs to be started indoor in trays about six to eight weeks before the last frost.
I also have seeds that can be direct seeded in theground six to eight weeks before the last frost, like peas.
In my three to four week box I have plants like cucumber and other cucurbits that can be started inside in trays three to four weeks before the last frost.
As well as a little section for seeds that can be started directlyin the ground three to four weeks before the lastfrost.
This is my direct seed after frost box, this backs contains vegetables such ascorn, beans and okra.
For seeds that you are going to use this season or that you are going to use within the next year you can just store them in a cool dark spot.
The seeds that I'll be using over the next few years can be storedin a moisture proof box like this.
If you seed packs have torn apart or if your saving your own seeds store them in these little tins.
If you have some silica gel packs from abox of shoes you can drop those in the box just tofurther reduce the humidity.
Seeds stored longer than a year shouldhave a moisture content of less than a 8 percent.
Seeds will reach a moisture equilibrium withtheir environment.
A good rule of thumb for getting anappropriate moisture content is to make sure that the sum of the temperaturein Fahrenheit and the relative humidity does not exceed one hundred.
The whole box can go in therefrigerator where there's a temperature below forty and a relative humidity ofless than sixty.
Different plant varieties keep longer than others, for example onions will keep only about a year butcucumbers will keep to about five years.
Seed packs will have a packed for dateprinted on them so you know what year to count the longevity from.
If you are planting seeds that are a little bit old plant more than you normally would, because germination rates may go downjust a little bit.
An easy way to keep track of what seeds you have, their longevity and the last date you planted is byusing a spreadsheet.
This way you don't end up buying seeds youalready have or not replacing seed that is old you can download this spreadsheet fromgroworganic.
Com which will auto fill the longevity ofthe vegetable seed and the planting time.
There's a wealth of information aboutseeds in our seed catalog as well as many planting tips in our calendar.
So organize your seed cupboard and groworganic for life!.
Hello, this is Marjory Wildcraft and today I’m going to talk to you a littlebit about organizing your seeds.
And, of course, as you get into growing yourown groceries, you're going to be collecting a lot of seeds, you'll be saving seeds, trading seeds withfriends, and you want to come up with a way to organizeall that, or in my case, disorganize all that.
If you remember from our previous interviews the three key tips to saving your seeds is, one, you want to keep them cool … you want to keep them dark, and you want to keep them dry.
Now, let’s talk about the containers thatwill help you do that.
I’ve tried a lot of different things, everything from the Mason jar to the coffeecan, and you're going to laugh at what I finally came up with as the best solution – it’s ammunition boxes.
These are commercially available.
These are plastic; I got them from a localsporting goods store.
You can also pick up from military surplusthese old ammo cans.
This particular one is a 30 caliber can.
The great thing about these things: they're waterproof, they're solid, they'restackable.
They will last you all of your life and, if taken care of properly, you'll be able to give them to your children; your children will be able to give them toyour grandchildren.
It’s truly what seed saving is all about.
So these are ammunition boxes, currently runningat $10 to $15 a piece, depending on where you pick them up.
I like the plastic ones.
They're a little bit lighter, but either wayyou want to go.
I generally tend to store my seeds … I have a preference to store them in paper, so envelopes and paper bags is generally howI store them.
On occasion, if all I have is a Ziploc bag or somethinglike that, I’ll do that Ziploc bag and put a pieceof tissue paper or a wipe or some dry cloth in there to help absorb the moisture.
Also, in addition to whatever bags I mighthave them in, I want to put a desiccant into the containerthat I’m storing in.
Some people collect those little packets that you get with your vitamins or your medicine, those little packets of desiccant.
Some people collect those and save those anduse that; that’s fine.
I don’t actually use medicines or vitaminsvery much, so I don’t have much of those.
What I use is cat litter.
I’ll take a sock and a couple of cups ofthis cat litter, tie the sock off, and there you go.
I take one of these and toss it into my seedkit, and that just is an extra protection to makesure that I’m keeping moisture out of there and those seeds are good and dry.
For both your desiccants and your cat litter, if they do get a little moist over time – doing their job, absorbing water – you can take them out, put them on a cookiesheet, put them in a low temperature oven, and let that moisture evaporate back out, or over an open fire with a low flame if you're doing this in a primitive situation, and go ahead and reuse it over and over again.
And the desiccants can be reused over andover again, just as the boxes can.
Talking about how I categorize my seeds, I generally put them in about four differentcategories.
I categorize them by plants that are warmseason plants, so these are my vegetables like the squashesand cucumbers, tomatoes, things that are generally going to be growingin the spring and the summer – okra, corn, those type of things.
I also then have another category, anotherbox, full of my cool season plants, and these are going to be your lettuce, yourbroccoli, spinach, kale, the things that are going to be able to withstanda freeze and generally you're growing in the winteror fall seasons.
And for those two, by the way, which is what most people are starting outwith, you're really only going to need one box or maybe two boxes as the most to just helpyou sort it out.
I tend to love collecting and swapping andsharing with people, so I’ve probably got four or five boxes just for those two categories.
Where you're going to start using a lot morevolume is when you're starting to save for cover crops and for calorie crops.
Cover crops would be your oats, or your rye, or your vetch, or your clover.
And as you can see, they start taking up someroom, so I like to save them in a cloth bag or maybe a big grocery bag that I’ve saved.
I’ve got vetch that I’ve saved for yearsand years, and oats that I’ve saved and planted andsaved.
And that’s where you start ending up using a lot more volume; you end up starting to use a lot more of these containers for that.
Also calorie crops tend to take up more room – for example, corn.
This is this red corn that I really love togrow; this is only part of it.
Here’s some blue corn.
You're going to need a lot more space because generally you're growing a largerarea for those and you just physically need more seeds.
Also, when I’m talking about seed saving, when I’m saving seeds, I usually like to save at least two to threetimes, sometimes four or five times what I’m going to need for my own needs partly because I’m going to be giving awayand sharing, but partly just because I want some redundancy.
Some years it’s just hard to get a cropgoing or you may lose something, and so you want to have that seed as a littleseed bank.
If you remember that most vegetable seedsare going to stay viable, if you take real good care of them, for about four or five years, a little bit of time.
There are some of them that obviously lasta lot longer, and then some are a lot shorter.
That five year guideline is just a rule ofthumb.
So anyway, it’s a lot of fun.
I buy seeds from a lot of different places; a lot of people have been asking me.
Just look online at Sustainable Seed Company, Bountiful Gardens, Seed Savers Exchange, Johnny’s Selected Seeds – there’s a lot of really good, reputableseed dealers out there.
And I hope this has helped you organize yourown seeds; there’s a lot of different methods.
This is Marjory Wildcraft and I’ll see you on another segment.
you I'll introduce myself.
My name is Glenn grounds and I went along with my wife and operates anthill preservation center in Calamus, Iowa Our venture is more educated preservation as our first goal in education as our second goal Making money it is nice, but that's not the priority of our operation We finance it mainly out of my teaching salary, so it's my 29th year of teaching I Took a day off from work I played hooky today the junior high kids are probably excited about that because they got a sub to Terrorize, but anyhow I'm used to going for about forty seven minutes But I'm also used I'm one of those people who ice get everybody involved and not Knowing hadn't been down here for about ten years what it would take to get people involved I wasn't exactly sure so what my first goal is is If you've come all this way where I don't [know] where you've all come from There's something hopefully that you're going to gain from this presentation because I can Cater this presentation just about any way you want when it comes to seeds And seed saving so if there's a couple of you that like to volunteer and raise your hands I'll pick on you if there's something you want to know today I will adjust my presentation to make sure we cover that topic otherwise I'll just kind of go through some generals my wife has handed out a little basic seed saving guide I gave and by no means is that a complete complete Documentary on how to do it.
It's just to get you started You know kind of like to wet your interest and let you experiment a little bit if you want to start saving seeds There's several things and I guess I'll promote Suzanne Ashworth's book if you really want to get into seed saving the book called seed to seed is a much better You know more detail I just wanted to give everybody some sort of a little hand out here that they could get get their feet wet on and learn more about seed saving and seed preservation and what you can do on a Small scale in your backyard or if you have a small farm or whatever your particular goals, maybe being a biologist by training Though I teach all of the sciences because I'm at a small school I'm I'm big into the concern of today's society that we need to create some more sustainable type things as To keep the Earth going we have a lot of a lot of things that are [short] [term] answer to a long-term problem that I think that we can solve a lot on on a back scale if we know more where our food comes from and how It how how to go about getting our food will probably make better choices about that So is there anybody here who would like what you had come here today? You would like to tell me and I will try to address that nobody Okay, we'll go with just some basics that I thought through I Think reasons for seed saving our are the fact that you can adapt varieties for your particular soil and your particular climate on Their micro climates there are all kinds of diseases and pests I was talking to somebody here earlier today if they had japanese beetle problems this summer where I live in [Eastern], [Iowa] [I] had been there now for almost 30 years I'd seen one or two you know nothing that you get worried about like your occasional grasshopper or whatever But we had japanese beetles to the point this year where they totally? D foliated all the linden trees that was their favorite and then they went to the apples and then they went to my apricot trees? Which I barely get apricots off anyhow and that was [very] frustrating because they actually had apricots this year But they didn't after the japanese beetles got through them.
I mean we had them so thick that That you every apple on the tree was black from the color of them And then you know there was very few things so if some things I learned from that where there were certain varieties that they went for than certain varieties that they didn't and those [are] the types of things that is a seed Saver you can You can capture on if you have a particular problem every year with Japanese beetles Why would you go out and plant the same varieties that they like a rear? One of the one of my former students is now school board member has gotten into growing his own foodie and his wife become another Health conscious and he planted a bunch of different kinds of beans issuer and noticed that the Japanese beetles only ate the one kind So that was you know so things like that that you can take notes on and maybe those varieties are going to be here in the future and maybe they're not some of the varieties that That are more resistant to pests or more regionally centered are dropping out of the [mainline] [catalogues] because Today's Philosophy is when you're breeding plant or plant material vegetable We wanted to do as well in Portland Maine as it does in Portland, Oregon as it does in Columbia, Missouri as it does in Florida So that you create this it may do super good here in Missouri but It they want it to just be something that sort of works everywhere And I sort of understand that but at the same point in Time I Grew up in the mountains of Idaho where my biggest Problem was a no soil and be no season you know if you had the soil You had that 20th the june frost that would take you out? I can remember as a kid going out and putting straw in my corn That was just coming up to try to keep it alive and then if you were lucky you Didn't get that labour day frost labor day was always to me kind of a sad time because I knew that's when the garden would Die and usually it would it would be a killing frost so you deal with short seasons? Well when I was young my plant breeding interests were all in creating varieties It would do what grow between the twentieth of june and the [10th] or the fifth of sep tember? So I moved to Iowa is that important? No You know it's not anymore all these things that I? wanted to breed and thought were important for You know when I was a teenager and going through college are no longer things that I need to worry about Well this year was kind of bad We had a frost the twentieth of september that wiped us out But I mean normally you don't think about things all of a sudden.
I had these new things to think about insects I saw more insects when that first summer in Iowa I thought why did I move to this place and Then the next thing was I saw more diseases on things that I'd ever seen it was like a plant Pathology course it was exciting for me as a scientist and Depressing to watch all my muskmelons Not all my favorite little varieties that I'd grown up with trying to get fruit on and Idaho I thought now I've got it made.
I moved to Iowa I've got this long season I'm going to be up to my armpit and melons well all these neat little short season varieties that I'd focused on guess what? They had no resistance to poo cerium so they went out there after that first little july rain with all these melons and the cucumber beetles and Nothing, but dead things so again was I getting any fruit no.
[I'd] moved to the garden of Eden and still I didn't have anything To eat as far as that so then you start looking for other diseases so then I grow all these varieties out and you find this one variety called Golden Gopher that Withstands all of the bugs in the past is the best Maybe not but you start saving and selecting and crossing the ones in with it, and you can create your own Specific variety that does well for you and your particular climate and what you have to deal with That's just one example.
I think In today's society also we kind of want a lot of uniformity which is fine But a diversified Garden will withstand a [lot] of different [things] if you have one tomato variety out there you better hope that it's resistant to all of the pests and all of the insects that you have because if it isn't What are you going to get at the end of the season if that particular disease comes through? Absolutely nothing, so I try to encourage people to experiment a little bit and maybe find that that grows best for you, I Have lived on my sand hill now for almost 30 years and so I'm used to things that are Used to digging in soil that I can dig with my hands So when I go to dig dig carrots out or dig onions out I don't you know that's probably my hands look as grubby as they are, but I still can just use my hands where I teach Seven miles to the west of me is where it's rather clay This year we had a school garden as part of the [new] health you know try to get kids to eat something other than energy drinks and Mountain Dew and We had this garden, and I thought oh this will be a cinch and I get first day I go to just make a fir with my finger to plant the lettuce to show the kids how to do it and I [bout] Broke my finger because it was clay soil about what the heck [is] going on here while it's just well [we'll] till it up somewhere You know what? I'd gotten out of that mindset that there's something other than my loose sand to deal with and so everybody has different things that you have to kind of adapt to certain varieties of sweet potatoes that I raised Don't do well for me on sand because they were their heirlooms that were grown in very heavy clay soils over the years So when I plant them in mice, and you know what I get They just keep growing You plant them in my friend who lives again? 78 miles away in the Clay and you get these beautiful shaped roots same plants same source everything It's just the type of conditions So you can you can do those things on a minor scale? And that's why I gave you this little hand out of how to save certain seeds that will work well for you, so that you can be more successful because Sometimes I think the things that are coming across in the market Excuse me on on as far as vegetable seats I don't think modern tomatoes have any flavor at all and maybe some of you will disagree with me But you just you know if you go to the grocery store, and you accidentally drop one on the floor You don't have to worry about being embarrassed about it breaking what can you do and it's [platting] you can just reach down pick it Up and put it back on the shelf because it didn't break Should a real tomato if it falls from waist high to the ground and it's right? It should make a curse plot you know there should be a mess that you're trying to figure out how you're going to either clean up or be embarrassed as the Clerk comes over that hasn't happen with grocery store.
Is that what we want I? Don't know you know [a] Few [years] ago I gave a program at a small college where they were talking about all the kids were from inner City, Chicago They had never seen a tomato plant They'd never had a tomato other than something on a fast food burger and just thought it was supposed to be stiff firm Tasteless, you know just added color to your McDonalds burger or whatever so that the teacher had grown some stuff and had me bring in Some things for the kids to try.
What kids they were 18 20 year old college students They didn't like those that wasn't right to them.
You know a tomato isn't supposed to be have flavor It's supposed to just be there on your burger that you can pick off So that's part part of the things that you know society has changed Somewhat and what our expectation levels are so I think what the biggest thing I hope you'll leave here from on seed saving is to thinking about saving food crops that are better for you and what you want for particular needs and Some of that you can do through just finding the varieties and saving your own seeds and some of you can do with a little Tinkering with plant breeding and stuff that can make your own variety that adapts to your location you can see my little handout I've divided things into pollination methods and That's probably the biggest thing when it comes to saving seeds is understanding how things pollinate your wind pollinated things are your most challenging perhaps on they can be if you live in the midwest where I like somebody a Gentleman asked me earlier.
How do I keep the corns pure? Living in Iowa where I do there's not a lot of trees anymore That's been declared something that Iowans want to get rid of I think because they've cut them all down so there's really nothing to stop the flow of the pollen so there's a lot of pollen flying around so you have to watch and Trigger your planting time so that you have them planted when that the wind is not blowing your neighbors corn pone Other crops that are wind pollinated that I mentioned, they're like spinach Spinach is a real challenge if any of you are starting out saving seeds, and you really like spinach That's not the crop to start with There's a lot of issues there, and it's really difficult in the midwest But it's something if you know a few plants Go to seed you'll have to understand that there's both male and female flowers and some plants will have seed on them and some won't Also, you know on that.
Group is the beets in the chart, and I don't know if this far down in Missouri You can end up leaving beats in the ground and that they'll winter over without digging them up or not I can't where I live in Iowa, but things like that get to be a lot of work and some people again I don't recommend you start out with with those if you're if you're wanting to start out seed saving and Just figuring out how to do it on a microcosmic scale I'd say start with beans or peas Depending on how well you grow with those things and kind of get a feel for it and then the next thing That's really easy to do is tomatoes And I'm going to show you a couple little tips here in a few minutes on how to do tomatoes Normally at this presentation.
I would bring tomatoes and so we could you could see the whole process But as I said are killing frost was the 24th of september and we've had about 15 frost cents Which we normally have maybe one or two by now So I don't have any tomatoes left to show you but I will show you kind of a simple way of going through Doing that whole process to get you started because tomatoes are something that most everybody grows Even in Iowa where we don't grow a lot of vegetable gardens anymore most everybody still has a few tomato plants And I'm not a big lover of the hybrid tomatoes as you probably already can tell but some of the open pollinated old-fashioned heirlooms I think have a lot more flavor and character and a lot of a lot of disease resistance So I'm going to show you just briefly how you can you can do a couple things here And I'm going to have to play with the microphone.
So give me just a second if you're growing a large number of Tomatoes a Couple of things that you may want to try to think about doing is you can go on most garden supply stores anymore sell this Stuff and I'm going to pass this around I just ripped it off of a thing is this stuff called row cover that you may have seen before It works really great.
This [is] not a professionally cut spite piece or whatever But if you're afraid that your tomatoes are going to cross or maybe you don't have as large a space to separate them out you can go out [and] find that ideal plant that you think has the best typical fruit that you want and you can put this row cover take yourself [a] piece of Garden twine and Just put a piece of rope cover around a whole cluster of flowers And then just tie it there Come back about a week or  days later and see that you should have fruit because tomatoes will basically Self-Pollinate it and then at that point in time if it looks like you've got fruit you [can] either make the row cover big enough [that] it'll still stay around them or you can just take the real cover off and I use what's called plastic flagging tape that you can go into a hardware store or You might eat be able to find it like an office supply store It's just multicolored very fluorescent looking tape, and I just tie a little string of that around that cluster of fruit and then you know [that] those fruit have self-pollinated and that they're going to be pure at that point in time you just let them develop and then I brought along a milk Jug Your next step in the process is once those fruit or nice and right Just milk jug works great for fermenting tomato seeds, and I could demonstrate this but it's going to be hard with the microphone I just take behind with a knife I cut back so that I still have the handle cut around that top [heart] big enough So I get my hand down in it, and then I take that fruit stick it down inside the jug, and you just squeeze the content so that you've got the the Pulp basically with the seeds in the inside this Milk jug container do as many fruits as you want or as many will fit in that don't add water unless They're really dry like you've got paste tomatoes or tiny crater cherry tomatoes, and then I let these set I actually have a whole shed because I use about 700 or 800 of these a year I have people save me milk jugs and let them ferment for two Days if it's really hot outside You know like if it's a summer day you leave them set in there for maybe two to [three] days.
They'll get its nice Thick white scummy grayish mold growing across the top of them which [is] ideal You wait, and then like between again it depends on the temperature if I'm doing it in july or august You about three days later your seeds ready to process if I'm doing it in the Cooler fall time of the year like September-October when I do a lot of mine Then it I can do it from one weekend to the next and it can set them there for about seven days You'll know it's ready if you take it out and then you kind of shake it up and you see the stuff separating into the clear liquid the seeds will start falling and Then I take a garden hose with a spray nozzle on the end And I just gently spray that in there a little bit that knocks all of the seed to the bottom of that container and then I just dump The junk out the top and all that junk is all that tissue and stuff [that] was that gelatinous coating around that tomato seed and That dumps off and then in the bottom you've got your seed then it is it gets low on the water I take one of two types of screens you see these have been well used I go to kitchen supply stores to find their higher quality Material for seed saving this one works good because you can set it over another container dump the seeds in there And then rinse them off with water and then dry them on a paper plate if you're afraid you're going to be messy Or you're going to spill them it works just as well these are the neatest thing.
I found at some Fancy kitchen store that these Sivs that just set flat on the container then you can dump it in there And then it's not going to tip over and you don't you can use both hands to to kind of slosh it around a little Once you've got your seat in that particular location Then I dump it out on a paper plate not a wax coated paper plate you want the cheapest ones that you can find and not styrofoam and then I just dry them either I have a Cabinet incubator type thing that I built for the purpose or you can just put them in a windowsill or with a light fan on Them you don't want to have a breeze on them just to dry them as rather fast you're not dry them in the oven Don't dry them in the microwave but you know like in a windowsill or if you can put them out on a table and Just have a light fan breeze going over them.
They'll dry rather fast the faster They dry the better the seat well to a point the faster They dry you kind of want most of that moisture off within 24 hours or so The better off you're going to be and then once your seat is dry, and you'll know when it's dry It'll just be nice and crumbly it'll look really good then you can process it for later for later storage for the following year you can do the same type of process as far as Saving seed from peppers.
I like to take peppers and take a tub like this one Put water in that tub put my screen in there and have the water up And then I just like to see doubt the peppers because what you're going to have in that particular situation with the pepper seed is as The Uc doubt the peppers you can wash them off on the water and if you keep your water clean and your peppers clean you Can still use the peppers and all your bad seed on peppers will then be that light stuff? That's floating at the top and your good seat is going to go to the bottom peppers is probably another thing that's fairly easy to save seed from but a lot of people make mistakes and That they don't let the peppers mature enough your best bet if you're trying to say pepper seed is to when when the peppers change to its ripe color like if it's a green one that turns red It gets red pick it let it set in a cool place like a garage or basement for maybe a week or  days or even two weeks and Then that just really pumps all of that nutrition into that seat, and you'll get better germinating seed the Temptation is is to think oh, you know not to waste anything And you kind of have to compromise depending on how much seed you need three or four peppers Give you way more seed than what you know what to do with anyhow and for most purposes But remember that the plant is producing that pepper or that tomato To feed that seed is not to feed you That's the plants purpose is to feed its seed [into] future generation, so the longer you can leap not longer But that limit of time that you can put that in there and leave that seed inside that fruit the more Nutrition is going to go into the sea and the better your seeds going to be Okay, yes If you're an organized gardener, and you get your peppers out there early then yes, I would say doing that What usually happens with me is the peppers get planted late, and then I end up picking the peppers And I bring them in and then they just kind of ripen in I go to the dollar stores and buy the cheap plastic Wash [our] laundry baskets, and I put them in that and then I let them set in my cool.
Shed for maybe a week It ends up being about three weeks And then you end up getting your best seed that way so yeah If you want them to get over right you know that's the one that there's a few things that you can eat not waste any of the Edible product and still save the seeds squash is probably the best example for Winter squash or pumpkin summer squash obviously the zucchinis long past its prime Okay, muskmelon You're going to get seed that germinates about seventy to eighty percent from that muskmelon that it's at its peak eating ability if you can leave it And let it get nasty another four or five days your seed germination is going to go up even more okay? And I brought some watermelons here my wife or me I'm going to make a mess And I will make a mess just to kind of show you the best time to say watermelon if you go out and pick that Watermelon in your garden at its prime meeting point when it's just crisp and just juicy sweet Your seed will germinate if you wash it off good.
That's the problem you know you've got to wash it is going to germinate about seventy percent if You take [that] watermelon and let it set for a month or two months You're going to increase that germination to closer to a hundred percent on the seats So it's just kind of you kind of have to lose the goods with that one, okay? Any other questions before we yes I'm glad you brought that up that's an excellent her question was if it's hit from a frost is it still ok to save seed from if you do the fermentation method on Tomatoes If it sinks it's going to be good And that way you can tell [ok] to be honest with you most years because of my work schedule I'm seating out tomatoes after they've been hit with a frost [ok] the second round through is usually after that and You know if you didn't do the fermentation? Mething you just kind of squeeze him out on a paper plate or [something] you would not know [that] but any of the seed that Was damaged by the frost that wasn't mature enough is going to float up And you're going to dump it off, and so that's a good way at the end of the year to go out there You know light frost now our first frost this year was 24 degrees So that kind of cinched a lot of things than it was followed up a week [later] with like 21 So that took care of the rest of the foliage and everything so I didn't get as much you know that way But if it gets a light frost on it, and it's not edible you know what tomatoes taste like when they get that you can probably still save [the] seed and You'll know but if you go through that fermentation method very easily Pepper is the same way with peppers that seed will float if it's not known if it's not mature enough and As far as melons, and I guarantee you these melons were all hit with frost And that's why there's going to be you know I've been Saying I need [them] [for] this program, and I didn't know was going to get that cold so quickly Ha they'll they'll still go on and develop somewhat after frost ok yes yes, oh, yes um Eons ago, I used to grow seeds for seeds bloom and I had Rose as long as this room 15 20.
I'm under row cover That's when row cover was really expensive and not out there so much and yeah They'll self-pollinate just beautifully and and do wonderfully well that way because as you see in there I have peppers or self-pollinated with insect crossing Farther I've Gone down in Missouri The more you have some of these bigger beads, and it's your bigger bees [that] caused the problems And I didn't wasn't here long enough to figure out What some of them are but bumblebees are a pain [in] the butt when it comes to you know they cross more beans tomatoes peppers? Eggplants than anything else because they like those big flowers And they they're the big bullies and they can open those flowers up and cause you problems so if you've got a lot of bumblebees You're going to have to do something like this and for the home gardener.
You can buy a 50 foot roll of this and do those little bundles around your individual fruits and it'll last you a lifetime Because the stuff can be reused I'm a cheap person and I get as many years as I can out of some stuff like this So you know that's not a big investment, and it still will save you a lot of grief otherwise you just grow one variety in it or two and stagger them a little bit, so Okay Any other questions before we move on Probably some of the questions that I run into the most is how to cure seeds And I don't get much time to get on the internet, [and] I did one day just was looking up something And I saw somebody on there saying never ever ever freeze your seeds it ruins them.
It was some seed Person that was trying a survival seed type thing that was trying to tell people to buy all these seats if your seeds, yes You can ruin seeds if you freeze them when they're not a dry or mature enough, and then they will not grow but if you dry your seeds down properly and not Terribly overdrive it Just like I was explaining with the with a fan on them, and you're you just can get that feel that they're not sticky and that they're nice and dry and You properly put them in either a jar or a sealed envelope and put them in your freezer a lot of the easiest way perhaps is to put them in a coin envelope and put them in an ice cream pale in your freezer and Your freezer doesn't go on and off for different reasons.
I mean under normal care.
They'll keep for years Okay If you pick them [and] they're not mature enough or they're not dry enough then they won't keep in course the seed will not germinate but Drying and curing your seed you can keep seed like if you want to have a fairly good-sized collection of corns And you know you can't grow them all over here You can freeze those that seed and it will germinate just fine You know don't get it in and out of the freezer Continuously if you understand what I'm saying get it out to look at it and put it back in and out put it because every time you're freezing thought you're shortening the life span some, but as long as you properly cure it and Keep it in the freezer until you bring it out again.
It's going to be just fine He asked if you should put desiccant in with it I'll say yes, and no because if you do the desiccant properly You'll be okay, but if you overkill and it gets too dry than acetyl crack and break open, and you'll have nothing and that Primarily comes up with people saving bean and corn seed Especially being a being in PC, because they'll get it to dry And then it will crack and so then when you thought out that protective seed coat is Broken and you have problems so I I don't Again, I grew up in the deserts out west and so it's taken me a while to adjust but if you dry your seed in the fall of the year in the midwest And I'm assuming most of you from the midwest and we're not having those super sticky hot days anymore It's probably going to be dry enough that you can freeze it without using desiccant unless your house is really really humid You know or where you're drawing it is Really humid.
I just can't see if you're doing it in the middle of a july hot day You know when we're all just dripping with sweat You may have some wet wetness issues there that you may want to dry it down a little bit more But normally you can dry can be just as bad as not dry enough You know okay? Yes? sure His question [was] you get a huge price break if you buy seeds in quantities And that's true because packaging is a big part of seeds I can tell you that from experience seed packets cost us about nine cents apiece Just on a small scale so that starts adding up so yeah, and also the labor to fill them all if Some seeds will not last as long.
This is true Parsnip seeds lettuce seeds onion seeds Just to name the top few well be go bad the quickest, okay things like radishes Musk melon seed most eggplant seed and tomato seed will last for a long long time Okay, now again I'm probably telling trade Secrets here But you have to understand something when you buy seeds from a major outlet in many cases the seed you're already getting are Several years old there's no guarantee that you're getting fresh seed, okay? It says it's packed for the year 2012 that does not mean it was grown in 2011 alright, they do German you're required to do germ tests, but that doesn't mean [it's] fresh You know that isn't the same and that's why I'm encouraging people to do their own you know Every when you come to our farm every seat jar is marked with the year.
It was grown on it So I know hey that's 2011 that's 2010 whatever when you buy seed Commercially it just has to be guaranteed germination, so if it's been held for a long time like let's say I have 50 pounds of Golden acre cabbage seed in a freezer.
I'm a wholesaler It's going to germinate really well when I take it out of that freezer It's been in there 10 [years] and so I sell it to you back there And you buy all 50 pounds of it that Doesn't mean [it's] going to last if you take it out for a long period of time because the seed life does go down once It's out of the freezer.
So you have to be really careful on issues like that.
Yes consider quality houses Johnny's or Southern exposure Fedco if you ask they will tell you what you're there Yeah, it that you'd have to specifically ask and I'm you know most of them would do that not all of them.
I mean did in today's internet Society There's just I can't believe I was looking at it.
How many? Pop-up seed places there are you know there's it's phenomenal I guess I've sort of live in silla about nineteen ninety somewhere on Pre-internet days, I forget that societies change, but yeah, yeah Yeah Yeah, and a lot of them won't tell you that that's for sure in a lot of the wholesale places that sell them that won't Tell you that information They just have a product that they know they can grow so much and it is a very competitive industry So that's you know again one of the reasons I say is if you find some particular variety that does well for you You may want to try to learn how to save seed from it? so um Okay, there are other questions.
I thought I would show a few [different] things up here.
Yes, go ahead Um he asked I'm also from Iowa and my affiliated with seed Savers exchange I'll answer that as diplomatically as I can I moved to Iowa to help seed Savers exchange in 1984 that was my main impetus of moving to Iowa other than I wanted to [start] my teaching career and my growing career once I got out of college and What I thought would be the garden of eden And I still totally love I oh I love the midwest I think it's a great place to live I'll give you Sort of a statement after 31 years with the seed savers, I dropped out last December for reasons.
We're just going to call irreconcilable Differences I was on the board for a year and I did not agree with the way that things were going and The way money was being spent I can talk to you about that later About that I'm still dedicated to seed saving I'm still dedicated to the cause.
I just don't agree with the way the direction.
It's going so but So yeah, I'm still a die-hard seed saver I've been saving seed since before I knew how to save seeds when I was little my mother told me When I was too I would find seeds I would put him in every pot that we had in the house or every place And so that's that's my life.
It's just that I had to separate myself from a group that I just did not feel That was going the right direction, so okay I Brought a few things here to try to show to people and I'll pass them around at first and then probably would work best toward the end on some of them if We had people come up closer toward the end so I can show you different ways of things There's a lot of I just kind of thought of the things that I get asked the most about how to tell things apart One of the things is squash species because if you're going to save seed from Squash You either have to hand pollinate it which may it be a whole nother hour seminar that I could give you on Or you have to you can grow one each of the four different species of squash most people I say that hesitantly because I'm down farther south do not grow the one species of squash the mixed is but you see a lot more of them than today's society the cue-shot pumpkins a Lot of people like to grow zucchini, but what will zucchini also cross with? Most of your orange pumpkins that people think of at Halloween spaghetti squash Acorn Squash, so if you're growing in your garden an acorn squash zucchini squash and you decide to save seeds You're not going to see it in that fruit when you go out there and pick that acorn squash You know this is the best acorn squash I've ever had and you haven't done anything other than you've got Acorns and zucchini in your garden and you plant though you say I'm going to save the seeds I just love this squash the next year you plant that acorn squash seed from that best tasting squash your head And what's it going to look like? [its] kind of you're going to get an F1 hybrid between your zucchini and Your acorn squash because most likely unless your garden is huge and you just didn't it the bees are going to fly from one to the other and so you're going to plant this and you're Going to get it or worse yet You've grown some little ornamental gourds that everybody likes at the holidays And you plant those in your garden with your favorite acorn squash in the next year, you're just so impressed And how many people have sent me this over the year this beautiful colored acorn squash because it's striped And it's pretty and guess what those little gourds are extremely bitter They have cucurbit a sin in them, and that's a dominant gene and so when it gets somewhere else man does it express itself and the greatest thing so you open up that acorn squash you bake it in the oven and you might if you're lucky you're not going to get it to your face in most cases because the bitterness is going to be so Strong it's going to overpower you, but if you get it in your mouth You're [going] to be gagging and spitting for the next two [weeks] and wondering what happened So you know you've got to do a [couple] things.
You've got to learn your species and the seed savers does a good job usually of listing that in their catalog of which is which species and most catalogs a lot of Them are starting to do that because there are a few people that will save their [own] But you know there's some tips and I brought these and well I'm not going to cut them open how to make a mess if like I promised my wife so you can look at the stem in some cases until I Didn't have room in my truck to bring the full, Tennessee sweet potato q shaw squash But this is a typical mix to stem great big Fleshy thing and remember they've been picked for over a month that's a pretty much dead giveaway in if they've got these big rampant vines you probably got a mixed up as Farther South you go the More of those people are going to grow because they stand bugs and they withstand drought.
They're perfect [for] Missouri Where you get those sporadic rains because they like that type of a climate and they withstand squash bugs with greatest of ease Other one that does well in this part of the world is the most shotta species But it has kind of a five-sided stem and most of the fruits will either ripen tan or they'll be greenish spotted This is your butternut squash your cheese pumpkins I'm forgetting something Most of your pumpkin if you buy canned pumpkin in the store It's one called Dickinson or a special variety that libby's has that they grow up by, Morton, Illinois That's just a big old cheese, but those are those big pretty like that golden tan color they just look fall 'ish I don't know when you see them if you get into your regular pie pumpkins That is the easy one to tell when you go into pie pumpkins if you're walking And you want to know what species it is [they've] got a five sided stem But this is the one with the little prickles on it.
You know when you get in there it's like your little edible gorger zucchinis when you go to pick them you feel the prickles on the leaves and on everything those that's a dead giveaway to look for that species if you find that and then The ones that I'm sure I don't say I'm sure but I'll bet they don't grow real well in Missouri Are the most shot or excuse me the maximas the big? Big pretty soft juicy stemmed ones and they have they'll have a big stem But the nice thing about the maximas is their stem just rots away rather quickly after they're picked That's kind of how you can tell them from the mixta Because the mix to stem stays on for a long time [but] the Maxima stem will get is very big and quirky, but it it goes away rather pass The Maxima Species, I think has the best flavor of all the squash But it does not do well in hot dry climates.
It likes it cool, and that's why it does better, Minnesota, Wisconsin Your Northern States The other thing I brought along and it's been hard keeping him this long as cucumbers This is a cucumber [hand] this was picked to 24th september so it's probably got some good keeping genes in it if Your cucumbers are like this you're [not] going to be able to save seed from them because it's not mature enough okay, you want them to look and get old and Icky looking and when they get yellow, they're either going to be yellow if they're black spined or white if they're cream-Colored if they're White spine and that depends on whether it's a good for a pickling cucumbers are good for a slicing cucumbers the color the little spines On the little Cucumber, but when they turn dark and they get soft like this Again you in order to get good seed you've got to ferment it because otherwise if you try and dry that it's just like this big ugly Mess of slime that's got all those little gelatinous coats, and I usually do these in like five gallon buckets But the average home gardener could do two or three cucumbers easily in an ice core in a milk jug again Slice the Cucumber scoop the seeds out let them ferment for three or four days run the water off And then you've got this nice good seed that comes out as a result.
I'm going to cut these watermelon Toward the end because I know they'll make a mess so that you can see what a Watermelon when you want to have [good] seed from it comes and of course they're probably going to let me down and not have been mature but I tried finding small enough ones that I could bring here and Yet still prove the point I brought an assortment of corns because This question comes up all the time in today's society if you start looking I'm also a poultry person and it concerns me greatly that our feet has become Feed that I'm able to get has become increasingly gmO corn that seems to have less and less nutritive value in it But more and more yield and I don't necessarily think yield is all as important as food value and some things So I brought some different types of corn to give you an example of what you can do no matter whether you're here from Northern Minnesota or whether you're here from Texas you can get some ideas these were all grown in our and our patches in Iowa But [you] can adapt corns to a particular environment where you can grow your own corn For your own feet.
We have a lot of customers that maybe only one of a dozen chickens That's one of things I encourage you to do is to grow some of your own feet so if you're that person in Northern, Wisconsin Excuse me.
This is [the] perfect dent corn for you.
It's a nice little easy early dent Doesn't get very big though does it But you don't have a lot [of] time when you live in Northern Wisconsin as you move a little farther south here's another variety called Golden glow that gets a little bit bigger Ears and Takes just a few more days and then you get [to] this one that came from Nebraska That has a unique ability to it's a bigger ear.
It's the same Maturity as these two These other ones excuse me I couldn't pick them all three up Nebraska has this unique characteristic at least I've observed that it has tight husks to keep the bugs out as you see there's no bug damage on it until It gets close to maturing and then the husks just pop open, so it dries down really fast So it's a pretty unique characteristic as far as speeding up the process when you get a little farther south, there's all kinds of Corns that you can grow that have big ears these are not hybrid corn seas are all open pollinated this one is Truckers favorite yellow it's about 16 feet tall and the Ears are about 10 feet off the ground so I usually employ Students that for to help me on the farm that I have in class that have some sort of interest and it was rather comical To watch when they were trying to harvest trucker's favorite when it was about 16 years Actually were about nine feet on [it], and this boone county white corn it wasn't an ear that was less than 10 feet off the ground so it helps a little bit if you have raccoon problems to the Raccoons sometimes become discouraged because the stocks on it if you plan it far apart or very large Now the advantage of a corn like that is wonderful if you have livestock to feed it to but because the amount of biomass There is is terrific you know if you can turn your cows out on that.
I mean for one thing It keeps them busy just trying to get get to [the] corn Maybe make some a little tough to but you know those are some things that you can adapt you're not going to grow this corn In Northern Minnesota is the point.
Yes, sir Sure, I talked about not the book.
I wrote four storey publishing I'm supposed to push that book yeah, you don't want to do corn or Soybeans You can do a number of things if you have just a few chickens you know with we have over about five thousand birds So it's impossible for me to do that and do everything else, too So I have to buy my feet But if you're talking about a backyard flock one of the first things, I tell people look at is is grain sorghum You know depending upon your water requirement the other thing you can look at is sunflowers? Amaranth is good, but it takes a lot of it The [best] way to grow Amaranth is to use that for a Seasonal pasture for the poultry and let them harvest it themselves because the amount of work You've got into it to get it is pretty a pretty intense at least the way amaranth goes for me um You know there's other things each you [can] grow For backyard poultry like this particular variety of squash that I show here Has high great big seeds in it? That are very very high in fats and oils like they're about 30 some percent fats and oils and very large seated you don't grow that squash for the For the flesh they grow up for the seeds and the poor parts of Mexico That's what they use for food source for humans, but it makes wonderful Poultry feed as well, so yeah you if you want to stay away from corn and soy You can grow you know wheat is a little hard to harvest But sunflowers is probably one of the easiest things that you can grow and harvest and store through the winter to keep your flock going I'll make the publisher happy I get very middle its stories guide to raising poultry the fourth edition And I have a whole chapter and they're devoted to how you can raise your own food crops and Also in the catalog that my wife handed out to you next year I'm going to have a whole section in there of things just so people can to try to encourage more people I kind of Lost my focus.
I guess over the years and thought well nobody can raise their own food when you're trying to feed 5,000 birds But most of you don't have five thousand birds, so if you've got [a] dozen chickens or half a dozen hands It's very easy for a person on a small piece Ground to raise all their chicken feet and not be dependent upon somebody else if you're looking for self-sufficiency So yeah, that's one of the plans I'm going to have some things in our own catalog this year that will And it'll be on our website as well to give people a chance to think of ways of things like browsing raising mangle Beats You know even specific types of watermelons for certain season so you can almost carry your self through Along with the sunflowers and the sorghum and Amaranth is one of the things I mentioned as well as long as the number of green crops This one is called campeche If any of you've been world travelers, I've never been there, but it's the peninsula that's out on the Yucatan in Mexico And it's it's not that it's not edible Don't get me wrong what I don't want you to think it compared to like an ornamental gourd It's just that I get spoiled it usually most years I have about 200 types of squash So I picked the ones that I think tastes the best and eat the rest.
I don't this one is just will produce From an average plant you'll get if you take care of it.
You know you got to have all those considerations You'll get 35 to 50 fruits plant of this.
I mean in it, and it's just full of these big seeds that are oh It keeps very well.
I mean this will keep for a long time.
You [know] if It's a mixed up.
So most people aren't growing though So if you grow that one you pretty much have got your you know you don't have to worry about and you can get enough Seeds out of one of them to plan a quite a bit of an area.
Yes What's I know I know what you're saying what yes, what spacing? Do you plant your corn on um? well That's the reason I'm having difficulty is because I don't have a particular spacing what I use to plant my corn is a I believe it's an Earth way Garden Planner and Opinion you know you just push it by hand And the spacing between the rows is however far apart.
I step before I start the next row Which is why I do most all my work by hand and the kids who work for me [or] bound determined We're going to have some system so we can use more mechanized equipment because most of today's youth doesn't like a lot of [hand] [work] But yeah, I use an earth way cedar and on some of them like these bigger varieties You go through and if the birds don't get them or the gophers don't get them you finna mount so they're a little farther apart Than that okay on a variety like this to get its full potential some of these bigger ones you want Footer slope between plants And then you'll get these massive stocks that won't drop over you know the hybrid corn people.
I'll do my little pitch Got their momentum because they always compare things to read yellow dent in 2010 I was I grew I? Just stood out on a project.
I got about I think there's maybe a dozen open pollinated corn Stuff I ordered some samples, and this is most of them here planted them all Along with all the heirloom material I'd Gathered through seed savers, and thought wow guess which one Lodged and looked the worst at the end of the season reads yellow Den you know no offense to the reeds family it had Good yields but as far as Fifty to seventy-five percent of the plants were every which direction by the end of the season I went through truckers favorite yellow you know I hey maybe had one or two that you know when you get 16 feet tall, and you're in Iowa And there's nothing to stop but the winds going to knock a few over now and then but most of those stood their ground Moon County why We was hoping it would fall over because we had to chop it down to get to the years at the end of the season But it did [not] do that.
You know and and that's some of them that you just have to look at that as the what will happen to him so Yeah, I have a friend that I learned some of that gardening from it was an Ohio that planted his pole beans on his corn And so he's based about good foot apart And then he plant beans after the corn came up and used you know that was the way things were done in the early 1900s his grandmother taught him that way and that's kind of the Old-fashioned you know the Indian three sisters method of corn beans And then you plant your squash lighters kind of a neat concept we don't think of it much, but there's some from a biological perspective there's some Companion planting things that go on there that are pretty neat that can happen when you do things that way so Now it's a great one for planning pole beans on you know Yeah, if it if you've got the time, so I not a small scale people can do more things like that okay, I Have about five minutes left.
So if there's any other questions, otherwise, we'll just Yes, sir I'm not sure.
I heard all your question You said you noticed our catalog you have to order 25 chicks But you only want to half a dozen or a dozen is that what you have? [there] all your best bet there is you've got a couple of options one.
You can either go to a feed store and buy commercial type chicks um Which is becoming harder and harder to do because most of them don't do that anymore at least in Iowa? There are a few hatcheries it will sell fewer than 25 chicks They cost more because there's all the things that they have to do to keep them alive to get them to you It's not that I'm trying to sell chicks The reason we have 25 is because that's been the long-established rule of what it takes to keep them warm shipping in the mail Okay, if you do less than that then you have to do some things differently that I'm not comfortable with doing you have to add heat packs and then you take the risk of the fact that maybe 40 degrees when They leave, Iowa but they may be going to Texas where it's 90 so the chicks are fine until they get to Texas and then they bake and It's caused a lot of problems in the us postal service because people get dead chicks in there upset and why wouldn't you be upset? You spend an extra forty dollars so you know for just postage just to get those six chicks to you And they all came dead and then you know It works for summon.
It doesn't work for others, and I'm kind of an old old fashioned person that says well You need to keep 25 and a lot of times we tell people to go together with someone else And then if you order them during the summer we can ship fewer because it's hotter during the summer So we get by with maybe 18 to 20 and then they'll do fine in the box But it's mainly for the welfare of the animal is what we do that for and why it's done that way And I'm not criticizing those who managed to successfully do it another way.
I just Where we have to ship from in Iowa? I don't think it's very successful I've experimented with those hot packs by just leaving chicks in my incubator shed or taking them for a ride in my truck Etc Just to see how it works and and I'm not comfortable with doing it I guess so that's that's kind of why it's that way well Kansas small Black yard flock in Kansas Well, there's it depends on what your interests are You know if you want brown eggs, and there's one breed.
You know if you want Flighty it depends on what you're looking for dual purpose Kansas gets hot in the summer and you get cold in the winter depending on what part of Kansas you're in so that makes it Try to probably choose one with a rose comb One of the wine dots would probably be one of your choices or the door kings would probably do okay for you they don't like heat as [well] though it depends on how hot you get in what you can provide [for] them in the summer, so Yeah, I don't.
I'm not [a] white chicken lover, but the hawks that live in my neighborhood love white chickens Which is what why we don't have as many white? White wine you know any of the colors of wine dots are probably good.
I think White wine dots are harder to find that are of good quality these days the first three chickens they had there were [purebred] wear white wine dots when I was eight years old, but those white Wyandottes of 1969 and 2012 aren't the same thing anymore, so okay? I Will cut these watermelons open down.
We'll see how big of a mess.
Oh one thing I forgot to mention was the other thing that the non vegetative educated will be propagated our sweet Potatoes if you're going to go into saving your own sweet potatoes.
That's why I brought that big lots, Dishpan That's the best thing to start out with put a layer of soil in the bottom Put the sweet potatoes on top of it and then put peat moss on top of that white peat moss two reasons one it kills most of the fungi that Like to grow on sweet potatoes because it's acidic and so it'll give you a healthier slip it's also nice and fine and the slips come through it very easily and water started sweet potatoes usually spread some And not saying that it doesn't work for everybody, but her for some it does not work for everyone But the best thing you can do on a sweet potato is to choose one about this size if you're going to sprout it you Know that great big one is not going to sprout very well, and you're going to be disappointed and some varieties You'd be surprised This is a purple variety this is probably going to be the best one and it's not like Irish potatoes or some of the myths around them where it affects what you're going to get as a final outcome you're looking for kind of the number of spots that the slips can form on the side of the sweet potato this is about as big as sweet potato as I like to use to start slips from If you get much bigger than that You're going to have problems with them rotting in the flipping process Everybody always makes the big mistake.
They think they need to be cold they need to be hot if You've got an up.
I don't say upstairs.
If you've got a main room Part of your house that stays about 65 degrees that's perfect when I first came to Io and I was running [this] Gigantic old Farmhouse I stored him in the upstairs bathroom in the South window They didn't they did beautiful in that because the heat vent came right up there, and it was always about 65 degrees I never lost a sweet potato in the winter and The spring they produce the best slips so now we've added extra heater actually to our basement to keep it 60 to 65 and they store much better if you try and storm with your regular potatoes where it should be about 35 to 40 they're going to rot on you because sweet potatoes are sweet and Fungi like it when it's a little cool, and they take advantage of that and they go rampant on you And they'll eat them all or destroy them all so She asked if they don't need to be in the dark if You keep them in the dark.
That's fine They won't produce slips okay, until They've gone through a period of light Sensitivity, so if you want them for eating keep them dark and warm if you want to once you want to make your next Year's plants off of keep them warm and In the light, okay? and then they will they will produce slips quicker my best slips come from the ones that I take out and put in my incubator shed One shed when I start in the spring and they set out there for about three to four weeks in the light And then they just they just kind of get these little nubs all over then they just slip real real fast So if you want to eating sweet potatoes keep them dark and don't handle them much, and then they'll be fine I'm sorry Slip is you put this in that container? You know or you can do it outside, too? but that's easy for a person to go buy one of those keep the critters for meaning and Then it you just lay it there and cover it up in a few About two weeks later these little plants will stick up though all of a sudden the ground looks like it's going to explode And all these little plants, so you just go along the edge you reach your fingers down in there Go along the Edge, and you just kind of pull up on one of those little plants and it'll be this little straight little stick of a plant with maybe two or three leaves on top and Maybe one or two roots on the bottom and that's a slip, and that's what you plan in your garden Try not to stick them in the water okay, you're going to get better because when you stick them in the water Every okay? And I'm not saying I that there are other ways to do it but the Every time you fiddle with the sweet potato once you once It slipped if you pot it up you get people think I gotta have more roofs that Gotta have more roots Every time you do that.
You decrease your yield about twenty-five percent Okay, if it's you pull that up, and it's even got one little hair root on it Shove it in the ground keep it wet for a week to ten days And you're going to get twice the sweet potatoes if you try to baby it along and make it look really rooted I just was in Shock a year or so ago And the first part of july went into a losed and it's not lows his fault here They were all these sweet potato plants and six packs that had been there since probably the middle of may because this was an Iowa everything it and They're sitting there in six-packs And then that fall you know I guess they did that all over the country all the garden stores I get all these calls I got all these sweet potatoes, but they're all malformed roots or I got lots of vines and no roots And that's the more you tinker with it or the more they're stunted The more they're going to just say forget it and just produce foliage so yeah just it's hard for some people to understand that but the smaller the slip and Just water it good in the garden, and [it'll] take right off if you get these great big slips They don't do as [well].
It takes them a long time to recover.
Just a I use my Whatever you call that finger is that your pointer finger index finger? That's about the right size for most of them They've got two or three leaves on the top and just keep them wet Yep, just bury it down about halfway, and it'll come right up You really can't screw up with them unless you don't water at first week to [ten] days Just keep them good and wet and then they take off.
Yes Do you mount them at all you mean when you're planning him? Okay? You have clay soil, don't you? There's no such thing as a mound on my farm because the first time [either] the wind blows Or it rains the mound becomes a flat surface so no, I don't mound them If you have real heavy soil, it will make it easier if you go along And I've seen people do this to make that sort of a mount and put them in the top of that mound and that Will work well for you.
If you do that.
If you've got that heavy dirt.
There's no way I can make a mount I mean, you could try all day You could die trying to make a mound in mice And you know it just it isn't going to [happen] so now I plant mine flat butt, and that's that's the key there, so yes That's exactly right He said if you get through with your slips and you plant the potato you'll get a gnarly good-for-nothing thing And that's that's [very] true.
I remember the first year.
I moved to Iowa I thought Well, why can't I just do them like Irish potatoes so at the end of the time I? Dug the ones out of the starting bed and cut them into chunks so that there'd be well [what's] if you got one plant there, right if you have four or five? You're going to have four to five times the amount of sweet potatoes In what you get you get 10 to 20 times the amount of foliage And you know many sweet potatoes you get? none Because they just go to all the foliage so you can't plant them in chunks like that and a lot of people think you should just cut them into chunks and Drop them in the ground.
It does not work that way.
They just will not yield very well at all you.
[Music] In times gone by, saving seed was the main way growersobtained plants for the next season – keeping what they needed for thefollowing year, and swapping the rest.
These days, seed is cheaply and widely availablefrom many suppliers, but there are still good reasons to saveyour own.
It's the best way to perpetuate rare heritage or heirloom varieties which havebeen passed down through generations.
Preserving the seed ensures they are there for the future, and helps maintain genetic diversity.
Varieties can subtly evolve over time to become better suited to your unique local growing conditions.
It's natural selection in action, andwhile you may not have unique strain after 1 or 2 years, locally saved seed can over a few decadesbecoming a unique variety.
It can be very rewarding to learn howto successfully grow plants through to maturity, harvest and store the seed, and then useit to grow them again in subsequent years.
Finally, saving seed can save you money.
Many crops produce lots of viable seed which just takes your time to collect, clean, dry and store.
Some vegetables produce seeds more easilythan others and are more likely to produce goodyields.
Plants which are easy to collect seed from include beans, peas, tomatoes, peppers and chilies.
Seeds from biennial crops that take 2 seasons to produce seeds, such as carrots, onions or beetroot, are harder to save because you need tokeep the plants in optimum condition for 2 years.
However, leaving some in the ground toflower the following year can be a successful early source of pollen forbeneficial insects as well as helping you to save seed.
Other plants, such as squash and melons, readily pollinate with other types grown in the area and won't always produce reliable saved seed unless you take measures to prevent insect pollination, and pollinate by hand, so most homegardeners don't bother saving these seeds.
It's also not worth saving seeds fromplants which are grown from F1 hybrid seeds.
F1 hybrid varieties are commerciallyproduced seeds that combine certain traits of 2 parent plants,such as resistance to disease, pests or bolting, or a tendency to produce heavy yields.
For example, carrot 'Resistafly' andmany common sweet corn varieties are F1 hybrids.
Some saved seed from F1 varieties will beinfertile, and some will produce different traitsfrom the original parents that are less favorable to the ones which you originallybought.
Check the seed packet for an F1 mark ifyou're unsure.
For many plants, the seed is ready forcollection when a few start to drop into the soil – nature's way of indicating that the seedis mature.
For other plants you may need to experiment to find the best time, for example with fruiting plants, thecorrect time to collect seed from their fruits may be a little later than the timethey're ready to eat.
Remember to only save seed from the most vigorous plants with the best fruit and avoid using seed from weak or unusuallooking plants – in this way, you'll be naturally selectingthe traits you wish to encourage in your crops.
You might sacrifice a little from yourharvest but you'll gain in interest throughout the fall and winter in seeingflowers and seed pods develop From the healthiest plants, collect a fewripe fruits, free of cracks or bug holes which can serve as entry points fordisease and microorganisms.
Wash the fruits well, then slice outthe middle portions from each one which is where the biggest, fattest seeds are found.
Put the middle portions into a jar and add some water to cover.
Put on the lid and store in a warm placefor 2-3 days – a windowsill in a sunny position will do – giving it to shake a few times a day to loosen the mixture.
This will cause the gelatinous sacaround the tomato seed to break down through a fermentation process.
The sac part contains chemicals whichprevent germination.
Pour the liquid through a kitchen sieveand rinse with cold water.
The fleshy part of the tomato, includingthe sac, should come away from the seed, leaving you with seeds in the sieve.
Repeat this a few times if necessary.
Dry the seeds by putting them on a finemesh, or something like a paper plate.
if you put them onto paper towels theytend to stick quite firmly, so it's best to create ready-madeplanting discs, which can be sown direct into pots next year.
Cut circles of paper towel and place a couple of seeds per disc to use when you're planting them out.
After a week in a dry place, the seeds should be dry enough to store.
Put them in an envelope and be sure tolabel them with the date and variety.
The tomato method also works well forother seeds extracted from fruits.
For other seeds, using coarse sieves can helpseparate the seed from the surrounding plant material.
Whatever method you use, it's importantthat all seeds are dried out thoroughly before storage and then kept in airtight containers whichare mice and pest-proof, in a cool dark place.
Prepared correctly from good healthyplants, your seeds should remain viable easily into the next growing season, andin some cases for several years.
Once you've kept the seeds you need, why not offer surplus at a local seed swap event or to friends and family.
With any luck you'll be rewarded withequally cared-for seeds which will grow into great plants – starting the whole process again.
Hi I am Sean Hoban As a postdoctural fellow here at NIMBioS I use mathematical and computational tools To help answer questions in conservation biology And genetics My main current interest is to help Optimally plan seed collections for the conservation For rare or economically important plants Human society relies on plants for many things Food fuel building materials water filtration And other services Nonetheless many plant species are increasingly Threatened by habitat loss over harvests And pests and diseases Including common species like ash and hemlocktrees As well as the wild relatives of Important crops like rice The phenotypic and genetic diversity Of these species in is danger of being lost But conservation seed collections are One way we can preserve this valuable resource Now conservation seed collections are expensive to establish and maintian So we have a major questions to answer and that is how many seeds do we need to Collect to preserve thses species? And where should we collect them from My work aims to help resolve this dilemma Most previous guidelines for conservationseed collections Have assumed very simple moddels of Plant biology and genetics And therefore have offered a one-size-fits-allrecommendation For minimum number of seeds and they rarelyprovide spacial Advice where to collect samples But considereing what we know about plantbiology And genetics What we have learned over the past few decadesresearch And also considering logistical constraitslike Realistic limited funds and a limited time We know that often times these guidelines Will often be insufficient Therefore I use simulation tools that incorporate Genetic environmental and population processes In order to build models and test Various potential sampling strategies What my work has revealed so far is that Most plant species types should have theirown Custom tailored guidelines because the OPtimal number of seeds and where to collectfrom Depends very much on a species specific traitlike Seed and pollen dispersla abilities Mating system of the species And genetic architecture So basically we can use simulation tools And state of the art statistics to help plan A new generation of more efficient Custom tailored seed guidelines That will help capture the most amount ofdiversity For a minimum collection size And this work will also contribute to broaderquestions And discussions in conservation about The best allocation of scarce resources andfunds And also discussions in agriculture and economicdevelopment About saving the seeds from local varietiesof crops Thank you for your interest in my work For more information about postdoctural fellowships At the National Institute for Mathematical And Biological Synthesis Visit our website at www.
At many points in my life,I have heard about the importance of The One.
Typically, in reference to the fact that oneperson or a moment in time can be extremely important to the greater whole.
I was remindedof that experience here in the garden, looking at this poorly lettuce.
It made me think aboutthe fact that this is the only plant of this variety growing in my garden.
The last ofit's kind.
If it were not to create seed, it could be lost forever.
I know that is dramatic,because it is a common variety, and I could reorder it from another grower, but thingsdidn't always used to be like that.
In times past, saving seed was extremely important,and I feel it should be important still.
Consider this, last year, I had a dozen of these plants.
I even did a video to show you how I was collecting and saving seed from them, and I had sucha plentiful harvest, that I even did a giveaway and gave away a good bit of this seed.
However,I neglected to save my own seed very well and misplaced all the seeds that I had setaside to regrow this variety again this year.
That is, all but for one packet of seed, thathad been packaged up and ready to ship out but never was actually sent.
That one packetallowed me to replant, and this one plant is what managed to come up.
This one plantwill now produce hundreds of seed, and those hundred of seed will produce hundreds of plants.
Hundreds of plants that can be used to provide sustenance for my family, all because thatone seed survived.
Now that might not be extremely important for you, so let me characterizethis into something that's a little more common place, and for better or worse, perhaps consideredto be more important, money.
Let's say you only have one dollar, just one, and you decidethat you want to invest that dollar, and you found out that there's an investment planthat, for your one dollar, in 90 days, you can have $1000 returned back to you.
You'dprobably make that investment, wouldn't you.
I'm sure most people would.
And then, whenyou get that $1000 you just might consider what a great deal you got, and decide thatyou want to do it all over again.
So, if you use money to buy your food why not treat yourfood like money.
I have decided to step up my seed saving efforts this year, from thepick as I go method of last year to bagging.
I started by buying some premade bags thatwe found in the bridal section of a local department store, but then my wife discovereda roll of this material call tool, and I began to sew the bags myself, so that I could getthe size that I want for the many different kinds of seed that I'm going to save.
Placingthese bags around flowers that have been given a chance to pollinate ensures that as theseed heads dry, I will capture every bit of seed that I possibly can.
After all, nobodywants to lose money.
This lettuce is perhaps a dramatic example, but I am saving seed likethis throughout our entire property, from marigolds to comfrey, yarrow, sage, borage,and I'm sure there're going to be many other varieties to save as well.
So, if you're notyet trying to save seeds on your property, as yourself why you're not, and if you aresaving seeds, ask yourself if there's perhaps a better way to do it, so that your returnon your investment could be even better for you, your family, and all of those aroundyou.
Thank you all for watching.
We'll see you next time.
So now you know from the lesson that for germination, the seedrequires moisture, heat and oxygen and as a fourth, some seeds especially fine, smallseeds, also require light, like lettuce for instance, but that'snot the case with all seeds.
But all seeds do need moisture, heat, and oxygen.
And they need those because those are critical to the respiration process.
It kicks off growth in thelittle embryo inside the seed.
Now one of the coolthings about those three characteristics as well,or the three parts, oxygen, warmth, and moisture is that if you restrict those, you can store seed for long periods and the classic way of doing that is to keep seeds dry.
If you want to save seed fornext year for your garden, so long as youkeep them dry, like ten percent moisture,even if it's at room temperature just keep them dry and youwill be able to keep your seeds until next year and mostof them are going to germinate so just keeping themdry is the first important step to storing seed.
But if you want to storethem even longer, you can put them in a cold situation soyou remove and reduce the heat.
I wouldn't put it in the refrigerator because the refrigerators tend to be damp and we are trying to keep this seed dry.
But if you put it in the freezer then the seed can be stored a long period of time- five or ten years – so long as it's dry.
Dry seed put into the freezer,it's going to store a long time and if you really want to store it for decades– I don't mean you at home, but for national seed storage banks,for security reasons you can store seeds and inthe vapor of liquid nitrogen and extremely cold temperaturesfor decades.
And then the third,oxygen can also be restricted in order maintain seedseven longer so if you go to a seed storage repositorylike the USDA Seeds Lab in Fort Collins, Coloradowhere they– where they have a huge warehouse of seeds from all over the world, they keep them in foil pouches that have been evacuated of oxygen and they keep them dry and they keep them under cold conditions and the seed stores for a long time.
So the point I wanted to makeis, yeah you know those three are important in getting seeds to germinate but if you restrict themyou can also save seed for a long period of time.
This is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.
Com,today we have another exciting episode for you, and I’m still here at the Eco Farmhaving a great time, just got out of a talk on permaculture, and I learned something that,I don’t know on one level terrified me, and on one level infuriated me that seed savingis illegal in the United States.
I mean, I know many of you guys might be conspiracytheory people and all this stuff, and you know, I wanted to go directly to the source,we have Neal Thopper[?] here, and he’s a lawyer, and he’s working on this case sothat people can share their seeds freely, so Neal is it true that seed sharing in theUnited States is illegal? Maybe, it depends.
Alright well that’s a lawyer answer for you! [laughing] You want a straight answerthey tell you maybe, so first off, let’s define what is seed sharing according to law?Sure, well seed sharing actually doesn’t specifically have a definition in law, butseed libraries are places where people go to get free seeds, and they can grow theirown food and at the end of the season donate seeds back to the library, it’s an opportunityfor people to have more food security, to have access to healthy food, and it offersus a way to keep a tradition going that we’ve been doing for thousands of years.
And insome places, seed libraries have been approached by departments of agriculture recently, specificallyin Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Nebraska, and Maryland, and have been told that they’reviolating the state seed law.
What? Like it’s a seed library, what ifthey shut down all the libraries and we couldn’t read Catcher in the Rye? I think they didthat once.
But, so this outrages me, so why are they doing this?Yeah, it’s confusing, but the state seed law says that if you sell or distribute seedsyou have to comply with some labeling requirements, germination testing requirements, and allthis costs a lot of money, and seed libraries generally operate out of public librariesand so they don’t have a lot of money, in fact they’re nonprofits for the most part,and so seed libraries in these states are being required to comply with these laws whichis having the effect of basically shutting them down because they can’t pay for thesetests.
And we don’t think that they really need to, so we think that this law is actuallyunnecessary.
But that’s what’s happening, and so seed libraries are kind of at riskright now.
So where does this all end? Like what if Iwanted to take and share my seeds with other people or even sell them, would I have toget germination testing and I could no longer just give you some seeds without being inviolation of these laws if they want to define laws to the individual person instead of aseed library? Could this happen and is this true?Yeah, right now that’s what’s happening in a few states for people who were usingseed libraries.
But, we’re working to change that, and so we’re advocating, we’re workingwith a couple of organizations here and nationally to save seed sharing and to change laws, andso one way that we’re doing that is by having an online petition at saveseedsharing.
Org,so if you can have people please sign the petition so we can build support for seedlibraries, so that when you give me seeds we’re not actually breaking the law anywhere.
Yeah I want to encourage you guys right now to open up a new window, I’ll put a linkdown below, I’ll put a link right below the video to go to this website to sign itright now, also at the same time to let me know that you signed it, give me a thumbsup on the video if you believe that people should be able to in seed libraries that arefree of charge working out of libraries and just basically giving people seeds shouldbe able to do this without government intervention.
You know, it’s my belief that we need tobe able to control the food system and as our forefathers that came to this country,they would grow things they would share the seeds, give it to others, people would exchangeseeds for hundreds of years, we’re now not able to do that, now why do you think thisis happening? Yeah, that’s a good question.
So far it’sonly been the state departments of agriculture who have visited the seed libraries and, youknow I can’t say necessarily that I’ve heard anybody else is behind it, but I havemy suspicions that there are other forces at play.
Well sure, he’s a lawyer, he can’t say anything, I can say anything I want [inaudible]America, hopefully and I still have freedom of speech I think.
[laughing] You know, it’squite possible that big companies like starts with an M and all these other big agricompaniesthat want to control the seed supply have made one call to their buddies to have peoplestart hassling people that are wanting to do real things like share seeds.
The one waybesides signing the petition that you guys could be an activist against this is startsaving your own seeds, and sharing them with everybody, and if you haven’t already, starta seed sharing library so how can somebody get more information about the project thatyou’re doing and how to start a seed sharing library?Yeah so, the petition is at the same website, but if you want to start a seed library, goto seedlibraries.
Net, and that website is curated by Richmond Grow seed lending librarywhich is sort of a replicable model of seed libraries that’s been an inspiration toa lot of people, and there’s resources there for how to start a seed library.
Yeah I want to encourage everybody out there to, if you don’t have a seed lending libraryin your area, start one even if you’re a small home gardener you have five plants andyou have seeds, you could start a library, you can also once you start a library youcan actually request seeds from big seed companies.
A lot of times maybe at the end of the yearthey have extra seeds they’ll just donate to your seed library, because what are theygoing to do? Throw out the seeds and have them go to waste? I mean let’s talk aboutthat, in the law isn’t there some part of the law where you’re supposed to throw awaythe seeds? Yeah so right now the way the law’s beinginterpreted in those states, the only way that seed libraries are allowed to operateis if they buy in commercial seed, and they’re not allowed to take seed from one year andcarry it into the next year, which means that they would have to throw away their seed andhave new seed each year, and that kind of defeats the purpose of what a seed libraryis.
It’s a place to preserve genetics and to locally adapt seeds, and you do that bysharing and saving seeds across seasons.
Yeah so, number one thing you cando to rebel against this is start saving seeds, start a seed library, share your seeds withothers and get people excited about growing their own food because if people continueto just keep buying food at the grocery store, we’re going to be sucked into this massconsumption society, and I want you guys to be producers and grow some of your own food,instead of consumers.
So any last words that you have today to share with my visitors aboutthis topic or anything else they should know regarding this issue?Yeah, I think exactly what John said, start growing seeds and start sharing seeds, andif you want to start a seed library and if there isn’t one, then get active and talkto your city councilors and tell them that you want to be a more resilient city and thatseed libraries are something that cities should support and states should support.
Absolutely, I mean I worked at a library when I was going through college, and I think Iwould have rather worked at actually a seed library it would have been much more fun [laughter].
But the seed libraries actually they can run without even anybody working at them, theyjust have them there, and they have envelopes, and you could check things out and hopefullyonce you check something out then you come back at the end of the season you make a depositback in so that the community could have its own local source of resilient seeds and widegenetic diversity of seeds.
So once again what was that website so that people can findthat and sign that petition? Its www.
And how can somebody find out more about you and the organization that you work with?Yeah so I work with the Sustainable Economy’s law center, our website is www.
Org,T H E S E L C.
Awesome, all right.
Well thank you so much.
Thanks a lot John.
And I hope you guys get infuriated by this,but more importantly get infuriated number one, sign that petition, give me a thumb’sup, number two start saving your own seeds, spreading them out to others, and number three,start your own seed libraries in your own communities to get these seeds out to morepeople and flip off the powers that be that are not letting people do this legally bylaw.
So now we’re with Rebecca from RichmondGrow seed lending library, and we’re going to talk about something very important toyou guys here at Eco Farm, I mean I’m running into all different kinds of really cool peoplethat, and they’re doing their own individual really cool work, and I wish I could interviewthem all, but I’m just bringing a few of them to you guys, and so what I want to sharewith you guys today is how you can start your own seed lending library.
So, Rebecca whatis a seed lending library for my viewers out there that may not know what it is?So seed lending library is a public place, it could be a community center, it could bea library which is where ours is located, and people from the community can just comedown and borrow seeds for free, and then we provide free education.
They take seeds out,they take them and put them in their own home gardens, learn about seed saving and thenreturn some of those seeds for other people to borrow.
That’s an excellent idea, it sounds like literally like a library because at a libraryyou get the book, you can read it, then you return the book.
But I think it’s even better because nowyou actually, once you get the seeds you get the grow them, and then you bring back extraadditional seeds.
It’s like adding an extra chapter to a book.
That’s—oh my gosh it’s like one of those books when I was a kid, it’s like if youthink this topic, if you think the book wants to go this way then flip to this page or thispage, and then I don’t know, kind of crazy.
It is that way, but whenever you save seedsyou’re actually becoming a plant breeder, and making those seeds more locally adaptedso when we’re saving seeds locally they’re going to be more adapted to our soils to ourclimate, which is going to be increasingly more important in a time of erratic climateand climate change.
Yeah I mean that’s really happening rightnow from what I hear.
So seed lending libraries are definitely a solution, because peopleare always complaining to me “John, where can I get some free seeds?” You know I meanseeds are so expensive, some of those heirloom varieties I mean, seed packets are a coupleof bucks a packet, but if you buy the seeds once you grow them out open pollinated seeds,you could have your own source of seeds, but I want to be able to make gardening availableto everybody no matter if they have resources to order the seeds or not but just also tobe more resilient.
So Rebecca, how can somebody start a seed lending library no matter wherein the country or in the world for that matter? Well we have all the resources that you needat seedlibraries.
Net, you can go on and it’s really easy, you can basically you get yourpeople together, you get where your site’s going to be located, you get seeds, we startedwith commercially donated seeds from companies that we had alignment with, and we also gotseeds donated from the local horticulture department, and then just partnered with apublic library, and right now because so many communities have done that, at seedlibraries.
Netyou can go there and you can download all of the resources, all of the educational material,we have a great organizational structure that really helps people growing like super-easy,so we have our drawers labeled like super-easy, these are the seeds we want everybody to startwith, so your beans, your peas, you tomatoes, so like every home gardener should be savingthose seeds, and we can really develop a lot of resilience and locally adapted varietiesreally quickly in our own communities by starting to save those varieties.
So Rebecca, how many seed lending libraries are there in the nation at present time andhow can somebody find one to find out if they already have one in their area so that youguys don’t have to start one? Great question, so we have about 350 in theUnited States, in about 46 states.
And those are the ones that are currently open, there’sa whole bunch more that are in process, and if you go to seedlibraries.
Net under our “Createa library” page, we have a sister libraries page for all the ones that are open, so youcan actually go there and it’s all organized by state, and you can see are there otherones and it’s great because if you’re interested in starting one you can see ifthere’s people around you or if there’s people in a similar bioregion, so maybe youcould even get some locally grown seed that another library has in excess.
Yeah that’s awesome, so say you live somewhere and there’s a seed lending library threehours away, you can go there and get some seeds, find out how they did it, come backto your area and then start your own library.
So what states actually do not have seed lendinglibraries? Hmmmm.
You said there’s like— Yeah there’s about 46, I’d have to lookat the list again… So there’s like four…But I think Utah was one of the ones that didn’t have one, Washington, DC which isn’ta state.
But I included that in the list, Maryland which is my home state, they preemptivelyhave some concerns with the state department of agriculture that they kind of said thatthere were some issues around seeds shouldn’t be shared through a library and so that…What? Preemptively stopped a bunch of seed librariesfrom opening, there were about 20 public libraries that were in the process and that’s puta little chill on that, so… That’s not acceptable to me.
It is not acceptable to the people of the communities either, so we’re working toeducate the state departments of agriculture about the value of local seed.
So could it be defined as illegal in some places?The interpretation is up to question and we definitely don’t feel like it’s illegal,but the laws were really written for commercial seed production, and we’re not commercialso the scale is very different you know, and I think the laws are really important andvaluable to protect farmers and protect, you know if you’re growing out five acres ofa particular broccoli for market, you want that to be what it is and have a high germinationrate, that’s very different when you’re going to a public library and sharing seedswith your neighbor which is something we’ve done for 12,000 years, and to have that, that’sa very different thing it’s around food security, it’s around creating local resilience,it’s around rescaling our community to grow locally adapted seed that’s going to reallysave that genetic diversity that has been so important in terms of just the developmentof culture and community and so, we’re really hoping to kind of preserve that and encouragethat through the seed libraries [inaudible].
Why is it important to save and share localseeds versus seeds you get from a seed company in Montana? Are there seed companies in Montana?[laughter].
There are actually, and we’ve actually gottensome really great original seed, my original seed teacher’s up in that area in Idahoand so being able to grow seeds locally, they’re going to become adapted to our soils, they’regoing to become adapted to our climate, and then we have the issues around food security,it’s like what better way to have that food security if you’re growing it yourself,and not only that, because you can become really a producer, where it’s like you growthe seed and you let some of it go to seed, and now you’ve got, you’re giving seedsaway, you’ve got enough lettuce seed for your whole block and neighborhood, so it’sreally this creating a culture of abundance and a culture of sharing.
I have this wonderfulseed that I got from my neighbor on my block growing the same bean for 25 years that’sbeen in this family for multiple decades, you know great great aunt Rosie’s Italianpole bean, and it’s like, he might be the only person that grew that seed out beforeme, you know I mean it’s like now there’s two of us that have that seed, and it’slike, it’s got cultural significance, it’s adapted to our funky climates in Richmond,California, and so it’s really—we’ve lost our connection to our food, and by savingthose seeds, and by sharing those stories, it’s really about reconnecting to the stories,so when you go to the farmer’s market, don’t just get beans, ask them what variety theyare.
When you go and you plant you own things out, it’s not just a bean, you want to knowthe story, you want to know the history, and if you can find things that are grown locallythat have connection to your culture, that’s really where it’s all about.
So last question for you today Rebecca, so is that bean seed available at your localseed lending library? And once again, what was the website of the seed lending libraryso that people could start their own seed lending library?So yeah, great great Aunt Rosie’s is going to be made available this summer for the firsttime in our community, and we definitely want to get it out to people’s hands that reallyare going to protect it and make sure that they grow those and return those because wewant to build a stock up that becomes part of our cultural heritage on a big scale, andonce again if people want to start their own seed library it’s seedlibraries.
Net, andso we have create a library, all the resources, and find your own sister seed library, andthen also the activism piece around the save seed sharing campaign.
So I’m going to encourage you guys to check out that website and start a seed librarynear you if you don’t already have one.
I really hope you guys enjoyed this episode,got infuriated, and are more importantly going to take some action, once again my name isJohn Kohler with growingyourgreens.
Com, we’ll see you next time, and until then remember,keep on growing.
>>Narrator Kapiolani Ching, UH student: Deepin the heart of Manoa Valley resides the largest collection of Native Hawaiian seeds in theworld, and one of the only places where you can find some of Hawaiʻi’s rarest nativeplant species.
The Seed Conservation Lab is part of the HawaiianRare Plant Program at the University of Hawaii at Manoa’s Lyon Arboretum.
The lab storesclose to 10 million seeds representing over 550 different species, or about 40 percentof Hawaii’s native plants.
>>Tim Kroessig, conservation horticulturalist:A lot of these species are endemic to Hawaii, they evolved here in isolation over millionsof years, so they’re unique and they’re organisms that are found no where else >>Narrator: The Seed Conservation Lab conductscrucial research in collecting, preserving and propagating the seeds of Native Hawaiianplant species, many of which are close to extinction.
>>Narrator: Most of the seeds are stored whilesome are sown in the lab, where they can be carefully monitored to determine their abilityto grow and survive in the wild.
>>Kroessig: We’ll have them in our growthchamber for a couple weeks to let them establish, grow some roots and then we’ll transferthem out into the green house >>Narrator: Matured seedlings can then beout-planted in their native habitat, strengthening the wild population and contributing to healthyforest restoration.
Kristyn Schuller, student research assistant:It’s great to know that the work we’re doing here makes a difference and we get totake rare and endangered plants that are endemic to Hawaii and then actually germinate themand put them out back in the wild where they belong >>Narrator: Recently, the seed lab participatedin a project to help reestablish Cyanea grimesiana subspecies grimesiana, a flowering plant nativeto Oahu and Molokai, but thought to be extinct in the wild.
Seed samples were successfullycollected and propagated at Lyon Arboretum and seedlings were grown to maturity in thegreenhouse before the team was finally able to reintroduce the samples back into the wild.
>>Marian Chau, seed lab manager: So we workwith some of the rarest of the rare species, things that most people never even get tosee or might not even know about and it’s just a real privilege and just a special thingto be able to work with these rare amazing beautiful plants.
Why do we need to save seeds? There are a lot of seeds in the market now.
Why do we need to worry about food, when there's a lot of food in the market now? So many people keep asking me about that.
Why do you have to save seeds? But actually there's a lot of food in the market, there're a lot of seeds in the market but there're something behind the seeds The most of people don't think about it.
Most of people don't know about it.
Because we were disconnected from farmer and consumer We don't know what do they grow, we just eat whatever look nice.
And the farmer, they don't think about they grow for somebody to eat.
They just think about that they grow for sell.
So when these two groups don't know each other there's something happen in the middle.
I grew up as a farmer so I see somethinghappens in my farmer life.
The first thing that I see is when I was kid my family or people in my village used to growmore than five varieties of rice every year.
So I just asked my mother why we need to grow five varieties of rice and at the end we just mix everything together to eat.
My mother said we have to save varieties of rice, because different kind of rice, they have different quality, different character Some kind of rice, they survive in dry season.
When there's no rain for many months, they can survive.
Some kind of rice, they survive in flooding.
When they have a big flood,they can extend itself for one meter in 1 or 2 nights Some varieties, they can survive even they have disease, they have some epidemic so when they grow more than five varieties of rice, whatever happens they'll still have food, have rice to eat That means security of life But now people grow only 1 or 2 varieties for sell.
So whatever happens, they'll lost, they don't have anything.
That means life have no security.
When I was kid, nobody sells seeds Seed is something you can give topeople, you can share with people, you can change with people, with something else but when I was about twelve or thirteen-years-old there's a company came and then they started to give hybrid seed hybrid watermelon seed topeople in my village because people in my village used to grow watermelon for many years and then they're very famous about that When the company came, they gave hybrid seed along with the chemical fertilizer So when people start to grow hybrid seed, they love it because they grow very fast and have a lot of fruit and then all thefruit look the same size and then taste good Next year villager want to grow that seed again but they need to buy it And then after three years, they all grow hybrid seed the local watermelon seed disappear So.
after that everybody need to buy seed You have no choice Because there's no local seed left in that area and in many places around it.
And the price of seed rised up very fast At the beginning, it's only maybe less than 100 baht per kilo But after four, five years later the price goes up to 1000 baht per kilo And at the end, now the price of watermelon seed goes up to 12 thousand baht per kilo It does not happen with watermelon seed only It happens with all kind of vegetable all kind of seed that we grow for eat So that thing.
I feel like.
it's not normal Why do we need to buy seeds so expensive like that? Why does the seed have to be very expensive like that? So the price of the watermelon seed in the village now is about 10.
000 baht per kilo or 300 dollars per kilo And the farmer in a village, they have average income about 30.
000 baht or 900 dollars per year So if one farmer who want to grow watermelon about 9 acres they need to invest at least 100.
000 baht So when they start to think about it They need to think about where to get money.
That's the beginning of debt in farmer life Because now sixty percent of money that farmers invest will go to the company.
So if one family who wants to grow 9 acres of watermelon so they need to be in debt for sure Because they have 30.
000 baht or 900 dollars per year but they need 100.
000 to invest That means they need to be in debt So this is the big problem in everywhere We can see it quite clear that the seed business and the chemical business involved with debt of villager Clearly.
Everywhere Now the whole village People will be in debt 100% now and most of themthey don't know how to pay debt in their life What happens now in everywhere in Thailand or maybe in other countries All the farmers turn to be a slave in their land They use debt as a chain to tie all the farmer very tight, push them to work very hard Farmer need to get up early and work until dark everyday just work to make money and send moneyto the company and then don't have anything to eat Farmers, who grow food, but have no food to eat Farmers, who work hard, but have very bad life How can that happen? So Seed was used as a tool to trap farmer into debt system and turn farmer into slave And then no where they can get out of this system Now everybody turns to slave completely So that's the most scary part of it Because now, they work harder than normal slave nobody works 8 hours per day in the past even slave, they've never worked 8 hours per day Slave, they worked in season They had only seasons to work 2 seasons to work: planting season and harvest season and the rest is free time But now we work all year long work for nothing So our life is worse than any life in the history Debt make me feel like a.
Why do we need to develop our life in this way? So.
Seed or food is a tool to turn people into slave if you don't think clearly if we don't have seed we have nofreedom If we don't save seed we cannot be happy Our ancestors select the best for us what kind of plant that they go well last long, give a lot of fruit and taste good They save those things And then it turned to the life heritage for all of us now Now we have a lot of food to enjoy That's the benefit of our ancestor that give to us But now We don't save seed.
We let a few company save seed for us But they did not select seed as our ancestor just doing before They select the worse one and then they develop our seed to make them weaker They cannot stay long They cannot rely on themself They need to rely on chemical and food from the factory So the taste is bad We don't have a good quality of food anymore So what happened now is We have no heritage to keep to our next generation anymore So this food can be the last food, the last meal for our ancestor, our era Because we ruin everything.
We ruin our food.
That means we ruin our life, we ruin our next generation We have nothing That's why if you like, we need to save seeds now Because seed is life.
Seed is our nextgeneration Seed is freedom.
Seed is happiness.
If you have no seed, you have nothing.
You are the good slave.
Good slave for a few company, and then that's the end What we can do now is We come back to the farm We come back to this place that we call Pun Pun.
We started 7 years ago.
So we start to grow our own food here We start to save seeds collect seeds from the best and grow them here And then we can enjoy our life.
We save seed and networking with another groups, and then.
try to share seed together.
We try to keep the seed alive We don't want the seed to end now We just work well and then more and more people're interested about seed We can give seeds to people, a lot every year We give free seed When they sell seed very expensive, we give it for free.
We always give seed.
Food is life.
We cannot sell life.
We try to give life to people.
And now we feel like.
we start a small heaven here We start to work on it.
We want to turn it into a heaven.
Heaven means we have a lot of food.
We have a lot of people who come to live together and enjoy living together.
And we hope that, one day we have enough seed, enough food for our next generation And now we see that, that thing is not too far away from us.
We can do.
– Today I wanted totalk about seed saving, specifically how to save seeds from the brasaica or brassica family.
And specifically kale, right there.
– [Camera Woman] What'sthe brassica family? – Broccoli, kale, cabbages.
This stuff, you already knowthat this is super healthy.
It's like a super green food for you.
What you maybe didn't knowis that you can save the seed from your kale for the next year, which is pretty cool.
The trick here is that kale will seed on its second year.
What you wanna do is, first of all, you wanna get your kale through the winter and you can do this a couple ways.
Ours, sometimes the snow is enough of of a insulating blanketthat it just kinda stays a little bit green andthen when the snow melts, it grows again.
– [Camera Woman] Really? – Or you can put it under, you can put a hoop houseon top of your kale.
We have a couple of hoop house videos.
A couple of really neat designs that work really well for that.
On your second year, the kale flowers, and this is kind ofreally late in the year for a flower but I wanted to show you.
But you'll get a really long stem of yellow flowers which abunch of different bees like.
And then the flowers are pollinated and then you get thesegreen seed pods here.
Which kinda look like string beans that are goin' straight out.
– [Camera Woman] Yeah they do.
– Like this, okay? Leave those on the plant and let them dry.
– [Camera Woman] Youmean let them go brown? – Yep, and here's what happens.
So these are the driedzucchini, not zucchini, kale seed pods.
(squeaking) So lemme show you what's in the seed pod.
There are little seeds.
You can take this and justkind of rub it with your hand and see how the seeds justcome right out like that.
Those are kale seeds, pretty cool huh? There we go, I just seeded the garden.
– [Camera Woman] You don'tneed a video for that.
Another way to harvest allthis is to take these long, just these whole stems of these, put 'em in a big paper bagand shake the paper bag and then you've kinda de-seededthese little pods here and you'll have little black kale seeds in the bottom of the bag.
– [Camera Woman] The pods'llopen up by themselves? – Yeah, well, just by mechanical action.
When you're banging aroundthe sides of a paper bag.
– [Camera Woman] We wanna see that.
– And they'll open up.
This is lettuce, looks like our red sales or red leaf lettuce that has bolted.
It's a little late in the year to go to seed but this is the precursor to collecting seeds from your lettuce.
Very similar to kale or things like that.
Again, it'll flower, and thenit'll have a little seed pod, let the seed pods go brown.
They usually go brown.
Like this, and then you can collect them.
All right, there ya go.
If you like what you're seeing here, will you hit the subscribe button.
We post new shows every weekand it's free to subscribe.
If you have any questions or comments, leave 'em below there.
If you know anythingmore about salad greens and why kale alwaysflowers in the second year, maybe 'cause it's a biannual.
You know, consider that.
Smart, huh? Right, there's morecool stuff on our site.
There's a bunch more seedsaving and gardening videos.
There's a link below andat the end of the show.
Hi guys, welcome to another allotment video.
I just wanted to let you know before we get into it, I am starting a newsletter.
It'sgona start on the 1st of November and it's going to have an exclusive recipe each month.
And it's kind of a round up of things that have been happening on YouTube but also FoodieLaura is a blog so it's gonna be umm bringing some of that information which I think isgetting a bit lost on the website to the forefront.
So if you're interested in signing up, it'stotally free, it will only be one email a month, I'm not interested in bombarding youbut I'll pop the link in the comments below for that.
Today I'm transplanting these strawberries.
So these are some that I moved from the topof the plot and I'm bringing down to this little spot of strawberries near the bottomwhere we've been slowly transplanting them.
The bigger ones that I'm putting in thesewere the runners from last year and then I've also got some runners that I'm putting inas well.
There's nothing going on yet with the bitsI planted last week but it has been quite dry so I'm going to give them a good waternow.
earlier in the week I did start digging outaround by the beans and I thought it was just weeds there that I was digging over but Ihad let the grass grow because that was where the saffron crocus was.
and I was pretty convincedit was dead and wasn't doing anything but it turns out i was wrong.
So these were the umm bulbs.
Some of them had even split which I managed to rescue andI've planted those now down at the side of the greenhouse so we will see how they dothere.
This looks so like couch grass,it's really hard, there's some bigger ones like even the roots are like couch grass roots.
So I'm just about to water these too but most of them are really tiny.
there's these couplethat are actually quite big.
I don't think we'll get any saffron this yearbut at least they're not all dead.
These were planted, August 2014 so they havebeen in for quite a while.
So a few days ago I actually took some ofthe rocket off home and I got the seeds out of it which took a little while but it wasquite pleasant to do while I was watching TV.
And I've got quite a lot of the rocket seed now.
So I was wondering if you'd be interested maybe in doing a seed swap with me.
I've probablygot enough to do about 10, 10 swaps at the moment i think but I can definitely get somemore seed from the plants that are still in the ground if some people are interested.
I would like to do some swaps but not so much the like Wilkinson seed that they've had oncheap because I feel like I've got loads of that but if you've got something that you'vesaved seed from that you think I would be able to grow next year or that would growin these conditions.
Leave it in the comments below and we'll see what we can do there mustbe a way to share our seed around.
I think it would have to be people that are basedin the UK because I know the laws about posting seeds and things are, become more difficultto navigate when you go international.
Or if you know of any good seed swap websitesor Facebook groups that you could put me onto.
That would be really good because I thinkthere's something here.
You know I think we could have a YouTube swap, seed swap communityand all benefit from it without having to spend a lot of money on seed each year.
Sothere's definitely something there, I think.
Umm yeah let me know what you think and ummthanks for watching guys.
See you next week.
Alright! This is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.
Today we have another exciting episode for you, and I’m coming at you from my backyard garden.
And my back yard garden is lush and beautiful here in the winter, growingall my amazing leafy greens.
Over on this side, I don’t know if you guys could see,we got tatsoi, we got different collard greens and kale and cauliflower over there.
Overhere we have a nice bed of spinach, behind me here we have arugula, behind me there wehave bok choy, and behind me there we have collard greens and cabbage and brussel sprouts.
All kinds of cool stuff growing on.
Now as much as I plant new crops, one of thethings I like to do besides harvest my crops to eat, is I love to harvest and save my seeds.
And I get questions all the time, ‘John, how do I save seeds?’ And saving seeds peopleis not rocket science.
It’s really easy.
Just let nature do all the work.
And that’swhat I do.
So seed saving is really good for lazy gardeners because half the time if you’rea lazy gardener, like I can be sometimes, because it’s all about priorities in thegarden, you know, your plants are just going to grow and grow until they’re going toreach the end of their life cycle.
And then they will produce seeds automatically.
Youdon’t have to tell them, plant you need to make some seeds for me.
They’re justgoing to do it.
If I get in bed with a girl, my girlfriend, I don’t do, we’re goingto make some babies, you know what I’m saying.
And I don’t need to be told what to do,right.
And that’s how plants are.
So you guys just need to like let the plants go throughtheir motions and have their fun in life.
And then collect and save their seeds.
So in this episode, what I thought I’d sowith you guys here in the winter, because after the summer season, you know, thingsgenerally go for the season on annual crops.
They basically go through their baby stage,you know, like we have baby spinach, it grows up into a bigger spinach.
Then as it getslarger, it actually goes into it’s reproductive stages and makes the flower.
Like if you eatbroccoli, the broccoli flower is what we eat.
But then actually if you let that broccoliflower grow up and get bigger, it actually turns into the little individual flowers,which then get pollinated, which then turns into the seeds.
And actually that’s whatmy tatsoi over here, some of my plants are actually doing early, so I’ve been eatinga lot of that stuff lately.
And they’re going to be making some seeds for me.
ButI thought I’d share with you guys like 10 different seeds and how easy it is to sharewithout any kind of rocket science, without any kind of mumbo jumbo.
And seed saving ispretty easy.
And all these situations, it’s pretty much just being a lazy gardener, likeI am.
Well, not naturally, but I’m just so busy so that I can’t do everything inmy garden, you know.
I try and do as much as I can.
So let’s get into the fundamentals of seedsaving, right.
So here we go in my little containers here.
And my containers are thesepots, I basically planted the dandelion greens.
So instead of planting dandelion greens ina raised bed, I don’t want to waste the space, these guys grow really well in a smallcontained space but also they provide me dandelions to eat year round.
Dandelions are an amazingfood.
And I want to encourage you guys to grow them as a food.
These ones came in wildand they just started growing themselves and I just would pluck them up and put them inmy pots.
And even if they come up from my raised beds these days, I pluck them and thenput then in pots and repopulate the pots so I could have year round dandelions.
Becausethey are so good for your liver.
The whole plant is edible, the leaves, the roots, thestems, the stalks, the flowers, it’s all amazing.
And you guys could go out to natureand harvest your own dandelion seeds.
How it happens is actually basically is thatit makes these, the flowers here, and when these flowers open up, you guys could seeat the bottom or the base, now this is not a ready flower so I’m harvesting this abit early, but these guys open up and they make the little things that you’ll wantto blow.
And at the bottom of these things, you blow, if you look carefully, now theseare not fully developed, you know, on they attach to these little blower puffy things.
They’re not blowing right now.
But these are the little seeds.
So if you just go outto any dandelions, you could just collect the flower when it’s fully open, not closedlike this because these are a little bit immature, Collect the seeds and take them and put themin your garden, take them in a pot to grow them yourself, you know.
I believe wild, cultivatedwild foods are the best foods.
So what does that mean? You want to harvest foods fromthe wild that have just been growing wild and then cultivate them under optimal conditionswith the best soil practices.
So good compost, rock dust, you know, worm castings and highlynutritious soil.
And then you’re going to have the best of both worlds.
The best ofwild genetics and the best of high nutrient dense foods.
And so yeah that’s how youwould collect your dandelion seeds.
Let’s go ahead and move on to 9 other cropsthat are now waiting for me in my garden for their seeds to be collected.
So in this next raised bed, actually it’sone of the beds that I haven’t really replanted yet for the new winter season.
It’s stillkind of has the summer stuff, which includes lots of different herbs, hot and spicy oregano,parsley along the bottoms, some roo 5:03, some tree collards, some celery, some swisschard.
But it has a few things that haven’t cleaned up yet and collected the seeds for.
So I thought I’d share with you guys collecting seeds on these 3 crops here, mostly herbsactually.
So right here what we have left is we have left of what’s left of my basilplants.
And the basils, you know, will grow the leaves that we eat.
But people don’tknow you could also eat the basil flowers, which are actually quite good and delicious.
But then once it goes to flower, it creates seeds.
So the seeds, if we take a look, we’llgo ahead and snip this guy off, are basically right here.
You could see this is like thestem and then it makes the flowers and these seeds are contained inside these little sacs.
It’s like a nut sac.
But basically we pull off one of these sacs, and then carefullywe could open this sac up and squeeze them.
And I don’t know if you guys could see thatin my hand there, but now we have these little tiny black seeds.
And it’s these seeds arethe basil seeds that now you could grow out for next season.
So we got a bunch of these.
So yeah I’m just going to spread it in my garden and let them grow next year if theydecide to come up or not.
You know, a lot of times I may collect the seeds, share themwith others, plant them in specific places, plant them out, you know, in my green housesbefore the season starts, get them going strong and then transplant them out.
But many timesif I don’t really feel like collecting the seeds or in this case I don’t have too manyleft, I’ll just basically spread them out, tear open the plants in their place and spreadthe seeds so I’m helping the plant out spreading seeds.
And let me tell you, one of the thingsI like to do is spread my seeds.
So also in this bed we got a couple more things.
So let me go ahead and reposition the camera and show you guys some seeds that I actuallywill be saving this year.
So the next seeds I’ll be sharing with youguys on how to save is onion seeds.
Like seed saving is super easy.
You just have to openyour eyes and look for little seeds or black things or whatever color they come in or anyshape, and collect them.
So what we’re looking at here is my onion plant.
They send up thesenice beautiful flowers.
They make those small little bouquets of flowers.
And those flowersare edible.
I love them, whether they are, you know, from garlic or onions, they’reall amazing.
And in this bouquet of flowers here, I don’t know if you guys could seehere, let’s see a lot of these seeds have actually dropped out, I think this one’spretty good.
I’m going to go ahead and pluck this stem off.
And this is a little bouquetof flowers.
And each one of the flowers, I don’t know if you guys could see that, butthey open up and they create little black specks or little black seeds inside each flower.
So it’s our job to come in afterwards, and you could blow them out and sift them in yourgarden so you have onions coming up wild.
And, you know, one of my goals as a gardenerand as a, I’m trying to do hands off gardening, which I’m not quite fully there yet, isto have systems in place where the plants will go to seed, they’ll drop seed, andthey’ll just continue to grow on their own without me having to do any intervention.
So I have a few raised beds that actually that does occur where the plants just keepcoming up on their own.
I don’t have to keep, you know, re-planting them.
But mostof my beds actually I re-plant year after year.
So we’re going to go ahead and savethese seeds.
So I just have a little plastic container here that I’m re-using.
And we’rejust going to go ahead and take these and just rub it out, and shake them and just witha little bit of force and cajoling, come out of there seeds.
All the seeds, you know, comeout of here.
And now I have some seeds in my container here.
So we’re just going togo ahead and do that to the rest of these plants and these dried up flowers to get allthe seeds.
Alright, so looks like we got a bunch of the seeds collected.
And, you know,I have used things like a kitchen of, you know, sieves and what not to strain out myseeds and what not.
And maybe in an upcoming episode I’ll show you the tools I use toactually strain out all the chaff, and, you know, sort out the seeds.
One of the thingsI like to do, because generally seeds are heavier than the chaff and all the plant partsis gently rotate this and blow.
And sometimes you’ll blow up a lot of the smaller stuff.
I do recommend, you know, when you guys aresaving your seeds, bagging them up, try not to save them with any kind of extra, you know,plant material, just seeds, because the plant material might be diseased or decayed andthere may be issues in this climate here because it’s so dry.
That’s not really an issuebut I just want to save the seeds without all the extra stuff in it.
Next in this bed, let’s go ahead and showyou guys how to save some parsley seed.
So now I’m going to share with you guys howto harvest the next seed that I’ll be harvesting today.
And it’s about actually a littlebit taller than I am, parsley.
Parsley, you may think of it like an herb that, you know,it goes on the side of your stake or something at the Stake house or something.
But to meit’s actually one of my vegetables.
I don’t even consider it an herb, because I just basicallycome out, cut a whole bunch of parsley, chop it up with some avocados, some sprouted buckwheatand some garlic that’s like crushed up.
And that’s a little salad to me.
I mean,around the world they make tabouli salads and stuff, which is based around parsley.
And I want to encourage you guys to eat copious amounts of parsley because it is such a nutritiousfood that unfortunately in America is often only seen as a garnish.
But to me it’s likethe main part of my salad many times.
And I really love the flavor of the parsley.
If you let your parsley grow, nolonger does it stay, you know, a foot tall or something, it grows 8 feet, no this isnot quite 8 feet, this is about 6 feet tall here.
And it’s gone to it’s flower stage.
So, you know, generally when plants go tothe flower stage on the greens, they send up a shoot that grows really tall.
Now whywould they do this? Have you ever thought about that? Well, I was thinking about thatthe other day.
I was like the reason why they send up their shoots very tall is so thatthey could get as high as they can so that they could look out amongst all the otherplants.
They want to get as tall as they can because they produce the seeds,and when the winds come, right, it will blow their seeds further than if they’re closerto the ground.
And this will, you know, basically provide them a better chance of survival andspreading their seeds.
And after all, that’s what every plant and every creature on earthwants to do.
It wants to reproduce.
So anyways, this thing is quite tall.
And now becauseit is so tall, I don’t have to crouch down, duck down, kneel down.
I could just standup and literally just have a little, once again another container, another bin, andjust go over the top and literally just squeeze the seeds right off.
And I’m going to collectsome seeds and I’m going to collect some plant matter.
But I mean, really it’s thiseasy.
Now here’s one of the caveats, I mean, in my climate here which is a nice arid, dryclimate, it’s amazing for collecting seeds, right.
Because we don’t get a lot of rainand i it does rain it dries out very fast.
In some climates like if you live in, in theNorth-East and what not and it snows and it rains and gets cold, you know, you bettercollect your seeds and stuff before it gets rained on and all this stuff because you couldhave your seeds go bad on you, which is not fun.
So in that case what you want to do isyou probably want to harvest, you know, I would just basically cut off pieces of theplants here, probably like this near the top with all the seed area, and just take likethese big bouquets inside kind of like this, and give them to your wife.
Here, honey, Igot you some flowers, I mean some seeds.
And you could take them inside when they’restill, you know, fully mature.
So you want to make sure there’s, they arebrowned out and there’s seeds on there.
You don’t want to harvest stuff too earlybecause if the seeds not fully mature, you know, they may not grow into plants, whichis the desired outcome.
I know when these guys are fully mature because they’re totallybrown and the seeds are just blowing off in the wind like they’re supposed to.
But nowI’m just going to go ahead and collect them.
But anyways, you’re going to want to cutthese off, bring them inside, you know, put them in a sunny greenhouse where the moisturecould evaporate off and then save your seeds when they are fully dry.
If you save yourseeds when they’re still wet, they could mould inside the bag.
It’s not fun and they’regoing to go bad.
So it’s not good.
You want them fully dry.
So you could also dehydrate,dry them in a dehydrator if they’re not fully dry.
But I like to let them dry in natureas they would naturally whenever possible.
So we’re just going to go ahead and getthe rest of these seeds by taking my hand and just putting this over the container.
And letting these go down and get caught in a container.
And of course, you know, if you’relazy like I am many times and you don’t even want to save your seeds but you do wantto save your seeds, right.
You don’t want to save your seeds in little bags, in envelopes.
The best way to save your seeds is just take it over the raised bed you want to have celerynext year, and go like this.
And then once I got the stalks, then this just goes in tothe compost.
Super simple, super easy, and next year I’m going to have a lot of parsleyin this bed and I’ll be looking forward to it.
So you guys just saw me harvest the matureparsley and now what I want to show you guys is actually lower on the plant.
It’s notfully done with this flowering cycle.
Depending on the plant, certain parts of the plant,the seeds may be ripe and ready to be harvested and other parts of the plant it may not beready.
So, you know, unlike conventional agriculture when they go in and just wipe out a wholefruit orchard and take down all the fruits, they’re not all ripe and perfect at theright time.
And that’s why I encourage you guys to selectively harvest your fruits attheir peak ripeness and also your vegetables at their peak ripeness.
But also your seeds.
So I wouldn’t just go through here and harvestand cut down the whole plant unless of course maybe a frost was impending and it was goingto get too cold and hurt this plant or something.
But here this thing will grow year round becausewe don’t get too cold.
But in any case, on this plant here, you know, there’s some,this is the same plant that I just harvested from at a lower point, you know.
There’sstill areas of the plant and, you know, this is an area where it’s actually still justabout going to flower if you guys could see that.
I don’t know if you guys could seethat.
But this is in the same family as the celery and carrots and what not.
And up over in this area, it looks like theyhave not only gone from the flower stage but now they’re forming their little seeds.
And we don’t want to harvest these immature seeds yet, you know, just much like, you know,a baby when a baby is being born.
It needs to be in the womb, you know, human baby, for9 months.
And sometimes they have to deliver the baby prematurely and a lot of times, youknow, the baby will alright if it’s a little bit premature.
But if it’s too much prematureit’s not going to make it.
Same things with the seeds.
If the seeds are harvested tooearly, they’re too premature and they will never turn in and be able to reproduce, youknow.
So we want to wait as long as we can and leave it on the plant to let it fullydevelop properly.
And like the question is, ‘John how do you know when a seed is fullydeveloped?’ Well the thing is if you take the plant and you could just blow it and yousee seeds dropping off, guess what? The plant is ready to give you it’s seeds and it’sready to share it’s seeds with you.
And you could help it in nature to spread itsseeds and do it a favor.
And we could all work in unity on this planet instead of fightingeach other, right.
So work in harmony with your plants, save your seeds and help themout by spreading their message.
So now I’m going to share with you guyshow to save a seed of an uncommon vegetable that you guys can easily grow and eat theroots.
And what this is called right here, I don’t know if you guys could see thiswhole patch here basically.
But it was so strong that it actually shoved out one ofmy raised bed blocks that was holding the raised bed.
So it actually, actually couldgrow out.
This is probably been one of the most productive easiest to take care of foodsources that I’m growing here in the desert.
This is known as Canna edulis or Achira.
Andthis grows like these leaves here, this one most of it was affected by the frost but theselow hanging ones that were protected by all the stems and stalks that didn’t make it.
Here’s another one, kind of frost damaged.
But they don’t like the cold weather butthey’ll, the roots stay alive during the winter due to the high sugar content.
Andthen they’re going to actually start to come back in the spring.
And they grow nicebanana like foliage or leaves.
The part that’s edible is down here.
It’s these like little,the root area.
And they’re basically a high source of starch.
So these starches, unlikemost starches that are roots, can be eaten either raw or cooked, and you know, I can’tsay I’ve eaten a lot of them, I maybe ate it once.
But I hope to have an episode soonwhere I actually cook these guys up because I have so many.
It’s been so prolific here.
I really grow this mostly for the decoration, because this does look like an ornamentalcrop.
So if you’re trying to like fit in ornamental but have edibles at the same time,this would be something probably you could easily grow in your front yard and it wouldjust look like a decorative plant.
But little does this city know that you’re growingfood.
So that’s why I like it.
Now saving the seeds, they grow up into thesenice long tall stalks.
Some of them were about 10 feet tall this year.
And at the top theymake these little flowers and then they make the little seeds.
So I don’t have any freshones to show you guys, but I have the dried ones here.
And this is kind of what they looklike at the top ones they are dried out.
So, you know, once again, you know when the seed’sready when it’s dried out.
And basically it makes these like, little like, I don’tknow if you guys know what a durian is, a durian fruit.
These are like little durianthings.
They got like these little spikes.
But they’re not really sharp.
Here’s onethat looks pretty good.
And then what happens is, inside these little pods or fruits, theymake a little seed.
So I don't know if you guys could see the little black seed in there.
But we’ll go ahead and pop that under my hand here.
Well there’s a few in there.
Oops, that one fell.
Oh, they keep falling out my hand.
Alright, there’sanother one.
I keep dropping them.
Alright, so let’s go ahead and pick these guys up.
So these are little seeds of the canna edulis.
I got 3 seeds there.
They look like little black BBs to me.
And one of the cool thingsI want to get like a little BB gun that will take these kind of BBs and go out into natureand just fire them out off into nature and I’ll be spreading seeds.
That would be reallycool.
I like these seeds a lot and then these will actually grow into the canna, which ismostly propagated.
And if you’re propagating and you guys actually buy the roots, actually,you know, buy root divisions and not necessarily seeds, but the seeds are something easy tosave and I really like them because they could probably be used for art work and all kindsof cool stuff.
I think they remind me of like little cannon balls or something.
Anyways,that’s how you save the canna edulis seeds.
Lets go ahead and move on to a couple morecrops in this bed that I haven’t yet prepared, you know, and transitioned over to my wintercrops yet.
Got two more seeds that I’ll show you guys how to save.
So now I’m going to go ahead and get intosharing some more seeds with you guys on crops that you may not know about.
And that in myopinion should be up and comers that you might want to grow in your garden and that shouldbe known about.
But these principles that I’m sharing with you guys, I mean, as youguys could see, like when I harvest seeds, they’re like always brown, they’re dryand they’re ready to fall off on their own.
I mean, seed saving, once again it’s notrocket science.
Don’t be scared of saving seeds.
The worst thing that’s going to happenif you save seeds that are immature, you save them and then you try to plant them out, theydon’t grow, you know, into plants for next year.
And that’s alright, you’ve learnedsomething.
Now also be aware that some plants you must call what do what’s called stratify.
So what that means is in nature, you know, plants go through cycles.
And the weathergoes trough cycles, it goes from hot to cold to hot again.
And the plants know when, youknow, the seeds know when it’s the temperature out there, you know.
They have built in thermometersand they know it it’s been cold or hot and what not.
And some seeds actually need tobe stratified.
And what that means is they need to go from the hot weather to the coldweather to like freezing weather and then back to the warm weather, and that’s whenthey know they should germinate and start growing.
So, you know, whether you want tobe lazy like I am and leave the seeds outside to stratify on their own outside.
Or whetheryou want to take the seeds, harvest them, and then, you know, for example put them inyour refrigerator to, you know, give them some cold weather to make them think it’scold and then grow those out.
You could also do that as well.
So the next seed I want to collect is actuallyright here.
I don’t know if you guys could see this plant behind me.
But this is knownas my Ashitaba plant.
And if you look on there closely like John those seeds aren’t readyto be harvested man, they’re still green.
So yes, you’re right, those seeds are greenand I’m not really going to harvest those guys.
But on this little section right herefor some reason some of the seeds are actually fallen off.
So what I do then is I just goahead and shake that plant lightly and see which ones fall off into my hands, and thenthose are the ripe ones ready to be harvested.
So these ones, they’re still fallen offbut they’re still green so they may or may not be fully mature.
So I do have anothervideo where actually I’ll post a link down below where I really harvest ripe and readyAstibaba seeds that are ready to be harvested because they are brown.
Also they should beof the proper size as well.
And Ashitaba is one of my favorite medicinal vegetables becauseit has so many healing properties and I believe every American should be growing and eatingsome of this on a regular basis for it’s rich, yellow chalcones, which have been shownto be anti-disease like anti-cancer and all this stuff.
Today well I’m just going to go ahead andspread these guys out since, you know, they’re not fully ready to be harvested.
And if Iget some coming up in this bed that would be great because this is my bed dedicatedto growing some Ashitaba.
Here in the desert it does fine.
This is growing in part shadeand they grow amazingly.
And the next plant I want to harvest the seedsfrom is right next door.
But I’m going to go ahead and move over to an area where Ihave a lot more of these seeds.
They’re actually known as the water pepper.
So the next plant I want to harvest seedsfrom is right here.
This is known as the water pepper.
And it’s called water pepper becauseI guess it likes to grow in moist areas and it tastes like hot pepper.
And it doesn’tmake any kind of fruits or anything like that.
But these leaves here, when they’re fresh,they’re no longer fresh they’re dried now naturally, they’re actually quite hotand spicy.
And it reminds you of eating hot peppers.
I don’t know I’ve never trieda dried leaf.
Let’s make sure there’s no bugs in this dried leaf.
Alright, it looksclean.
So this is a dry leaf left on the plant.
You know if I want to save it for harvesting,I would have harvested them when they are green and then dehydrated them.
Just eatingthe leaf like this, I do feel a hotness in my mouth.
So some of that hangs out in theplant.
It’s kind of cool.
My mouth is almost a little bit on fire right now.
But this isa really good way to, you know, get more, once again, those protective plant properties,the plant, you know, phytochemicals and phytonutrients in you.
Because who knows what that thingthat heats up my mouth, what that does inside you body, is it anti-cancer, is it anti-diabetes,is it anti-inflammatory, I don’t know.
And maybe one day there will be research on allthe different plants on what exactly they have been used for or what they can be usedfor.
But what I do know is that, you know, many cultures throughout history have usedmany plants for many different situations.
I haven’t actually looked up to see whatthis was used for traditionally because this is before we had drugs and medicine, they’dgo to a pharmacy to get, p-h-a-r-m-a-c-y, you’d go out to your farm, f-a-r-m-a-c-y,to harvest the plants.
So that’s what I want to encourage you guys to do.
Harvesting the seeds on these guysare really easy.
You know, I grew this, I grew one plant two years ago and it just,it went to seed and I didn’t really even see the seeds.
And then next year this wholebed was like overgrown with these guys and I’m like I’ll just let them grow.
Butif I let these seeds drop, and I’m sure plenty of them have dropped already, you know,next year this bed will probably just be entirely water pepper because it is, you know, it growslike a weed.
And those are the things that you want to grow, you know, not weed, youwant to grow plants that grow like weeds so you could harvest them and eat them and thenshare the seeds.
Specially plants that are kind of rare like this that you don’t seetoo often.
So, you know, once again, what I’m goingto do in this situation is just, is I’m going to go ahead and cut it off to demonstrate.
But I could just do with the plants sitting here.
We’d cut this guy off, and I don’tknow if you guys could see here on the ends, all these little things here, that’s theseeds.
So I just got a little bin here.
And I’m going to go over the bin and just takemy fingers and, you know, brush out the seeds.
And they’re just going to fall into my bin.
And now I could collect the seeds and save them.
Now all the rest of the plant partsget composted and I will be composting, these will turn into soil to feed these seeds.
Soyes, this is the water pepper.
Once again, really easy to save the seeds.
Just go hereand twist them all off.
And yeah, I see a bunch of the seeds in there.
Alright! Next let’s go to the last few crops.
And I’m going to share with you guys how to save the seeds.
The next one is actuallya fruit.
So the next kind of seed I want to show youguys how to save is super simple, super easy.
it’s pepper seeds.
So this bed was my summerpepper bed.
And I since actually cut it down, left all the roots of the plants in the ground.
I haven’t gotten yet to re-amend and then re-plant this for the winter time.
But youcould see here we just got some random peppers that have been on the ground outside dehydratingon the ground here.
And so that’s one of them right here.
So to save pepper seeds isreally easy.
You could even go to the grocery store and get full, fully developed ripe peppers.
And once again, we want to make sure they’re ripe peppers.
You can’t really save theseeds off green peppers because they’re not fully developed.
Green peppers are simplyred, orange or yellow peppers that are not fully ripe.
So I encourage you guys to eatripe peppers.
Anyways, here’s a little pepper that we got.
And we’re just going to goahead and tear this guy open.
And look at that, on the inside there’s all these seeds.
And it’s the fruit that protects the seeds, right.
And so we could just take these seedsout and we could just spread them out into the garden and have pepper plants next year.
You know, inside the pepper these seeds are a tad bit moist.
I might want to like justput them inside the greenhouse for a couple of days to dry out.
But these are ready tobe saved.
So like if I have damaged pepper seeds or damaged peppers that are not ableto be eaten by me, say there’s bug holes or they look kind of messed up, they’remouldy, I will use those to save those ones for seeds and save the good ones for me toeat.
Of course, you know, one of the things when you eat the peppers, you could also takeout the seeds to save them, you know.
So you could eat them and save the seeds.
A lot oftimes I like to just actually grind up the seeds and get the nutrition from the seedsinto me.
Plus they add a nice hot flavor to things like my, you know, pizzas and saucesthat I make.
So yeah, super simple, super easy to save seeds.
Open up the fruits, getthe seeds out, make sure they’re fully mature and then actually make sure they’re dryif you are going to be saving them.
So the next seeds I’m going to save arefrom another fruit that I grew in the summer, that has since gone the way of the west, it’sthese guys right here.
There’s a bunch of them right here.
I don’t know if you guyscould see that.
Here’s some more right here.
This is okra.
So I love okra, it’s one ofmy favorite summer vegetables.
It grows really well here in the hot desert climate, lovesthe temperatures, makes lots of pods.
I like to harvest the pods when they’re in theirbaby and young stage.
And that’s when I just eat them raw, you know, put them intosalads, add them to soups.
I’ve even pickled okra this past year.
Picked okra man, thebaby stuff, not when it’s too mature, it’s like so delicious, right.
And so what we’regoing to do is now we’re going to go ahead and save the seeds.
So we’re just goingto cut off one of these pods here.
And if you look, the okra actually will even startto split on you.
So if you guys could see that, like it’s starting to split, you couldsee all the seeds lined up in there.
It’s kind of like a little factory.
I mean thisis a seed pod, it’s a seed factory, it’s making seeds.
So what we’re going to goahead and do is we’re just going to go ahead and open this guy up very carefully over alittle bin.
And as you guys could see, all the seeds are dropping out.
And when we’redone with that, we’re left with the okra pod that now gets composted.
But before itgets composted, you could use this as special toys in the bedroom.
Alright, witches claw.
Ahh my pretty.
So yeah, that saving the okra seeds.
Super simple, super easy.
I have massive amounts of okra seeds, justmixed varieties, you know.
Some of the things I like to label, the varieties and so I knowwhat variety it is.
A lot of times I don’t really care about the varieties for me personallybecause I’m not trying to like keep this genetic diversity.
I want to create new diversity.
So by allowing my seeds and different varieties that I grow here to pollinate and mix, I’mcoming up with, you know, different and new genetic varieties that have adapted to myclimate here.
So that’s what I enjoy doing.
Although I know there’s some die hard seedsavers out there preserving certain genetics.
And hey I think that’s cool too.
But ofcourse, making new ones is, you know, the funnest for me.
Plus I don’t I’m not reallyinto labeling and all this stuff.
You know, I just like to just have seeds to grow andas long as it makes edible food, I’m happy with that.
So the next seeds I’m going to save arethese guys right here.
This is known to me originally as leaf ginseng, and then laterI looked it up and it’s known as the surinam spinach.
And what these guys are, I don’tknow if you guys could see that but it’s like it almost blends in with the background,since this is not a really best shot.
But it’s right here.
You guys could see thisis just basically the stalk of the plants and they have these little balls on the end.
And it’s inside these little balls are the seeds.
And each one of these balls is actuallya little seed pod.
So we’re going to go ahead and take one of these balls out verycarefully.
And what I’m going to do is I’m going to go ahead and take my hand and crushit.
And watch my hand here.
So you see on my hand now there’s these little tiny itsybitsy seeds.
If you guys are familiar with the grain teff, like these seeds are probablyabout as small or even smaller than teff seeds, which are actually quite small on their own.
So we’re just going to go ahead and carefully save these guys in a little container.
Theseguys will be really easy to sift out because they’ll fit through like a, you know, sievefrom my kitchen, to get rid of all the chaff and all the seed pods and all this kind ofstuff.
So the leaf ginseng or surinam spinach isactually another really good heat-tolerant leafy green to grow in the summer time herein LasVegas.
And it grows really easy.
Like I bought these plants once from a seller downin San Diego at Vista Farmers Market in San Diego area.
And I took it home and I grewit.
And it grew, I put it in my greenhouse and it just grew there, and then actuallywent to seed and sprouted in an unheated greenhouse, and grew year round.
It went to seed, it droppedseeds, and some of my potted plants in my greenhouse, I brought some of those plantshere.
i planted them and then randomly I’d have the leaf ginseng or surinam spinach comeup on me.
So like this right here is a 100% volunteer plant.
I did not plant it.
I don’teven know how the seed got here.
but now I’m happy to be saving seeds off this so I couldgrow this in a much larger way in this upcoming year.
Because this is another heat tolerantcrop.
So if you live in the tropics or if you live in a place where it’s really hotin the summer, South Florida, you know, places that you have problems growing lettuce, youwant to grow the surinam spinach as well as the next seed that I’ll be harvesting rightbehind me.
So actually let me go ahead and show you guys the last seed I’ll be harvestingin my garden today.
So the last seed I’ll be harvesting todayin this episode is this guy right here.
And I don’t know if you guys could see thaton the video, I don’t know what it look like for you in HD, but basically you couldsee there’s all these like little seed pod things hanging from the plant.
There’s like,there’s just so many of them.
This thing is like just so prolific in the seed podsand in the summer time it was also very prolific in the greens that it produced.
This is knownas the red stem malabar spinach.
And it makes delicious edible leaves that are really mildflavored, that have a nice red stem.
This is, this was beautiful over the summer.
Itfilled this trellis, it’s only like a 4 feet tall trellis, really nicely and evenwent to grow taller.
So next year I’ll have to even get a taller trellis for it to growbecause I’m sure it will fill that too.
And at the end of this season I was blessedwith all these berries to eat.
I’ll post a link down below to a video where actuallyI juiced the really anti-oxidant rich berry juice and drank that.
And it was an amazingdrink, lots of anti-oxidants, and I’m sure it did my body a lot of good.
But now thatthe seasons over and the plants dried out and I didn’t harvest all the berries, itmade also tons of seed pods.
And so all these on a stem are just like all seeds.
And I couldnow take these off and grow these for next year or share those with you guys.
I mean,seed saving is really easy, you know.
If you are into really seed saving I do recommendliving in an arid climate, it makes seed saving significantly easier, you don’t have toworry about mould and dampness and wetness and all this kind of stuff.
But even in a,you know, a moist climate where you get a lot more moisture and humidity, you couldstill do seed saving.
You just got to maybe, you know, dry the seeds out a little bit andwait till the weather is nice to harvest your seeds and not when it’s all wet and allthis kind of stuff.
So once again, seed saving is notrocket science.
If you could go out and you could see oh those are seeds, oh they’redry, oh they’re ready, you know, you could save seeds too.
And of course, yes there’ssome seeds that are more difficult to save than others.
But I think the main messageof this video is that I want you guys to save your seeds and share your seeds with othersso that they could grow, you know, healthy crops so you guys could eat out of your gardensinstead of out of the grocery store.
Now the final thing I’d like to say in thisepisode, I don’t have a lot of some of the seeds that i shared with you guys today onhow to harvest, to share with you guys.
But I do have actually a lot of the malabar spinachseeds.
I’ve been harvesting a whole bunch with some help here today.
And these are allthe seeds I’ve got so far and I still got like half the trellis to harvest out.
So ifyou want to get some of my seeds that I grew with the rock dust, with the good soil herethat’s more climatized to the hot desert than other varieties of malabar spinach thatyou just may be mail ordering, be sure to check that link down below.
I’m going toput this on my fiverr campaign.
So, you know, for $5 I’ll ship you some malabar spinachseeds and then you’ll be able to grow them yourself and the $5 that you give me for theseeds, I will not take a penny out of that, I will use all that money to get my videostranscribed so that people that are hearing impaired or that live in foreign countriesthat don’t understand English, can get that automatically transcribed into their languageso that they could have access to my very important videos in this day and age.
So onceagain, check the link down below, you know, for that.
So pretty much brings me to the end of thisepisode.
If you guys liked this episode, saw how to save 10 different varieties of seeds,hey please give me a thumbs up to let me know.
I’ll be doing more seed saving episodesin the future when I have different seeds to harvest because it happens like all thetime here.
And also be sure to click that Subscribe button right down below to be notifiedof my new and upcoming episodes.
I have new and upcoming episodes coming out about every3 to 4 days.
And of course, be sure to check my past episodes.
I have over 1100 episodesat this time to share with you guys how you guys could grow your own food at home.
AndI also travel all over to visit all kinds of farms and cool places all around the countryand around the world.
So once again, my name is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.
We’ll see you next time and until then remember- keep on growing.
how to grow beet seed part 1 greetingsmy name is Hank and I have not paid for seed at the store for almost 10 yearsbecause I grow my own it's April 3rd 2016 springtime here in zone 5 in NorthAmerica and it's time to check the cellar for last year's beets so that Ican replant them and grow seed I would have just left the beets in the groundfrom the previous summer had I been in a warmer climate but herein zone 5 the winter has a chance of reaching nighttime temperatures of 20degrees below zero Fahrenheit or even lowerthis turns beets to mush so to be safe I store them in a cellar you don't have tohave a cellar I have stored beets in a simple hole here in the ground dug witha shovel the hole just needs to be more than three feet deep and covered here inzone 5 anything less than three feet deep usually dies even in my cellar solast year I kept my beets in the same bag as the carrots I grew and looks likethey did well together don't be tempted to grow seed with beets from the storethose are hybrid beets and would not likely produce good seed all of my beets are from heirloom seedsand are open pollinated a person should use at least 12 beets for openpollination anything fewer than 12 could lead to inbreeding and have poor resultsso the more the better I kept my beets in a bird feed bag and folded the topclosed to regulate moisture but most any animal feed bag works fine for this if Ileave my beets exposed in the cellar they get dry through the winter and someof them die so to get started I usually hoe a small trench for the beets waterthe trench to soften the ground and plunge the beets into the wet soil rootdown since beets are wind pollinated you should plant them in two or more rowsnext to each other to increase pollination no matter which way the windblows then I cover the beets with dirt and water them well if your soil hasgood drainage then you should water them every daythis has been part 1 of how to grow beet seed please stay tuned for part 2 I willpost a link to that video in the info section of this video once it hasfinished thanks for watching and happy gardening.
how to grow cabbage seed part 1greetings my name is Hank and I have not paid for seed at thestore for almost 10 years because I grow my ownit's April 3rd 2016 springtime here in zone 5 in North America and it's time tocheck the cellar for last year's cabbage so that I can replant them and grow seedI would have just left the cabbage in the ground from the previous summerhad I been in a warmer climate but here in zone 5 the winter has a chance ofreaching nighttime temperatures of 20 degrees below zero Fahrenheit or evenlower this turns cabbage to mush so to be safeI store them in a cellar you don't have to have a cellar I have stored cabbagein a simple hole here in the ground dug with a shovel the hole just needs to bemore than three feet deep and covered here in zone 5 anything less than 3 feetdeep usually dies even in my cellar the cabbage looks a little worse forwear but otherwise ready to grow don't be tempted to grow seed with cabbagefrom the store those are hybrid cabbage and would not likely produce good seedall of my cabbage are from heirloom seeds and are open pollinated a personshould use at least 12 heads of cabbage for open pollination anything fewer than12 could lead to inbreeding and have poor results so the more themerrier so to get started I usually hoe a small trench for the cabbage water thetrench to soften the ground and lay the cabbage down in the wet soil then Icover the roots of the cabbage with dirt and water them if your soil has gooddrainage then you should water them every day onetip I use when growing cabbage for seed is to cut a deep X in the top of thehead this helps the leaves open up and spread and gives the cabbage a headstart on seed production since the cabbage leaves are usually wrapped sotightly that they have trouble opening up on their own after a few days outsidethe cabbage began to get some color to them the leaves turn greener and thehead slowly opens up eventually forming a green bud in the center a bud thatwill become a towering spire of stems and leaves this has been part one of howto grow cabbage seed please stay tuned for part two I will post a link to thatvideo in the info section of this video once it has finished thanks for watchingand happy gardening.
how to grow cabbage seed part 2 welcome back in part one I planted last year's full heads ofcabbage in the ground and they started growing right away making tall stemscovered with leaves and flower buds i watered my cabbage every day and insix weeks they started to bloom week after week they continued to growmore stems and more blooms until there were hundreds of blooms attracting avariety of insects including these honeybees the impressive bouquet of flowers becamefruit which looks a little bit like green beans and after 10 weeks the fruit was so heavy that the stemsbegan falling all over the place this happens every year and i have foundthat looping a rope around each plant helps to hold them up keeping your seedpods out of the mud and in their own row it takes quite a few weeks for the seedpods to mature but once the pods are dried you may remove them from the plantthe dried pods should contain a number of seeds as long as your plants had asuccessful pollination this has been how to grow cabbage seedpart 2 thanks for watching see you next time yeah yeah.
So right now we're going to pick the tomato and what we try to do is pick a nice big one because if you pick big Tomatoes that's the ones you'll get a better seed out of.
And the reason this one is so juicy is because it set down there long enough and it's so ripe that it's caused it but it will not hurt for what I'm wanting to do with it so now we're getting ready to deseed the tomato to save the seeds for next year's tomatoes now I'm going to take the core out because it's easier on these big Tomatoes if you remove the core then i'm going to remove this because i don't want to mess with that part OK now this is how we do it it's a messy job but it works so now i'm going to separate it because it's easier for me to get in and scrape out the seeds that are still there like all these the reason we're saving the seeds from this tomato because it's an heirloom and it's cheaper to save our own seeds and and we like this tomato but the reason we don't do it from hybrid seed from tomatoes is because the seed doesn't always come out the same in the way we do it.
There is going to be good seeds in here and there is going to be bad seeds so if the more seeds you get hopefully the better.
I use a glass container because as this progresses the next five days there will be a separation the heavy stuff will will go to the top the seeds to go to the bottom and you'll have a clear water solution in between in the process will take three to five days to work This will separate the good seeds will start dropping to the bottom there will be liquid in between more like water and the base will come up higher as it ferments bad seeds rise good seeds drop now that we have went through the process of separation and the mold on top now we'll go through and clean everything off because the good seeds are down here and the bad seeds are up in here and you just dispose of this anyway you can dispose of it just down the kitchen sink or if you got a washroom and you want to drain slow and catch your seeds if they come out.
The kind of strainer i use is a tea strainer then you run water over it to try to get as much of it as you can because all the seeds have to be washed and you just take and turn them upside down and dump them out so now we just separate them and then starting tomorrow i will move them around so the water will evaporate twice a day at least and we'll do this anywhere from three to four days until we're pretty sure that they're dry now we're going to put them in a container and we're going to put them in a cool dark place for the winter and we're going to use a dryer to keep the seeds dry through the through the winter so i can plant them and they won't sprout inside the container and there's hundreds of seeds in there and we're going to plant them next spring and hopefully we will get a tomato and we can enjoy the fruit later on in the summer.