Alright this is john kohler with growingyourgreens.
Com today we have another exciting episode for you guys can see I'm in a Microgreens farm right here right now and where I'm in the world.
I'm here in Baltimore, Maryland at City hydro This is city hydro vertical farm because they're growing things vertically up the wall We're literally sitting now in a 10-foot by 15-foot room.
This is not huge and this farmer here literally makes $100,000 a year That's you know, gross Income not revenue here a year And if you guys wanna learn how he does that and how he grows microgreens here check the link down below actually I was in this very without this very farming one year ago just about at this time in that video now has over 650,000 views it's one of my best watched videos by the number one video on microgreens and when you guys watch it You'll know why it's the number one video because we go through the gamut.
I mean this guy Larry has got it all worked out.
He's basically come up with a system to grow microgreens so that anybody could do it It's like Mel Bartholomew guys know Mel Bartholomew.
He's like, you know, the guy that is credited to making Square Foot Gardening He came up with a method for gardening for people at home.
So it's really easy so I mean that's what Larry did he basically systematized things uses certain different pads and certain techniques so that you guys Have success when grow my cream.
So once again check the link down below to watch that video we did here I mean I call it an award-winning video, but I didn't get no worse for it.
But anyways, uh-huh, right? It has lots of views We're not going to talk about like how to grow microgreens in this video.
That's the last video below We will talk about today are the 10 biggest mistakes You guys can make when you're growing microgreens, you know, Larry's been doing this a long time.
I've been to many different microgreens Farms and growers and I've seen the problems.
I've talked to people growing my greens I've heard about the problems and I don't want you guys having any of the problems and I don't want you guys to make any of the mistakes to have to throw out your seeds throughout your batches when you think they're bad when they're not You know some we're gonna literally get Larry that expert to show you guys the ten, you know Mistakes that most likely happen to you So if you make sure you don't do these things you can be success from mic routines and I want everybody out there watching this No matter what time of year It is no matter where you live in the world literally apartment in New York City or you know in Hawaii nuts condo in Honolulu you guys can grow microgreens because you don't need a lot of space and these are the most Nutritious foods on the entire planet and what you get a system established to grow the microgreens You literally have one tray a day you could be harvesting on a Continuing regular basis and you want to bring different kinds of my Korean so you get different Nutrients in you and your family so you can basically do anti-aging to yourself.
These are the most anti-aging foods on the planet They're also going to help you lose the weight because they're also about least amount of calories and they also have the most disease Prevention properties like oh my god.
Let's not talk about them broccoli microgreens.
I mean they've done amazing research on those So let's get it in this episode The first thing when I ask you Larry is Larry How has it been since I made that video for you last year.
I got your farm like what's happened? Oh, it's been amazing The amount of people that we've trained the amount of people that have come in does this city hydro just to learn how to grow We've probably done a hundred and twenty-five people plus so far this year with our free training then come in for two days They learn how to grow the the response to your video has been phenomenal It is in the amount of people now that are growing pure microgreens using just water is a skyrocketing.
It's just unreal Yeah my career.
So the easiest thing bro You're like I want to put out a garden outside right gardening outside takes a lot of time Hey, you got a to get a tomato? You got to plant the seeds you got to make it make the plant grow up Then you got to make sure the flowers turn into a fruit maybe 70 days you're harvesting tomatoes Maybe if you're lucky if the bugs didn't get or the birds, they need them and the microgreens it's it's indoors You control everything literally it's just water some seeds and in literally two weeks about two weeks You're having some food to eat.
So once again my greens you everybody should be growing microgreens.
Alright, Larry So what is the number one biggest mistake that people make when growing microgreens, right? so the number one biggest mistake I find is people get mold in their microgreens and mold is normally caused from over watering and Too much water in the tray or they're spraying the top of the microgreens with water when they're in the vegetative state So here we have a rule of thumb in germination the only water from the bottom when in vegetative Sorry when in germination your water from the top water from the top when we spring you get a glass seeds there exactly and when it's in Under the lights or in vegetative state your water from the bottom Both of those two things will help you curtail the amount of mold that you get in your tres.
We don't use any fans Don't use fans.
We don't use any fans on our microgreens A lot of people say oh you got to blow fans on the microgreens help try them out and stuff like that We found that putting the fans on it actually blew the mold spores into the other trays Because we grow so close together and we're such a confined area.
So we actually figured it out It's fixed the watering, which is your issue once you fix the watering You don't need any fans.
You don't have any mold well So what about like, I guess we're gonna talk about this in a minute But what if there's like more humidity in the air in certain locations then will you get more mold? Because even though you're not necessarily Watering the plants or getting your own moist, right? So we keep our grow room between 35 and 50 percent humidity The lower the humidity the better because there's less humid in the air mold love's humidity Right if there's more humid if it's more humid in your grow room Then your microgreens are going to get nice and damp on the top and the mold.
That's what they're attacking They're going after the dampness in that and we keep the growing between 68 and 72 degrees right prime prime growing temperature prime growing for humidity cool, and so what so how did this mold up here on the top like white buzz and the top of the microgrid actually dip Here in the root zone or how does that work? Right most of the mold that happens happens on the top of microgreens So you'll see like it looks like a fish Spiderweb on the top of the mic Green's that's the mold most of the mold that happened that people call mold and in the bottom or root hairs and and the root hairs People actually confuse root hairs a lot of times with mold They don't have any mold issues But they have root hair issues and we're going to talk about the root heresy in a little bit.
Alright, cool so yeah, number one is mold and get your watering down right when you're when you're Germinating them water from the top because the seeds need the water They they don't have the root hairs to pull up with the water yet And when they're already in vegetative, they sent the roots down then they'll suck water from the Thompson, but don't spray them directly You're just asking for it It's like don't water your garden in the middle of the day You know top water just feed them at the root zone or the plants literally need the water.
Alright, Larry So what is uh, the big mistake number two that people make biggest mistake number two is root rot A lot of people get root rot and root rot happens when there's too many seeds or seeded too densely So we see it on these pads here if you see too dense, and you got big clumps of seeds like this you know, you should have a nice and Smooth out and so the seeds should be out like this nut in a clumped area like this what happens when they're in a clumped Area like this is the seeds on the top Will start to germinate in the season the bottom will start to rot And so it'll cause a root rot in this area and you actually pick up the microgreens like this and they're all Rotting and everything on the pad because they're just too dense.
You want a seed like this? our recommended amount of seeds is a little more dense at most microgreen growers seed we recommend a hundred of Milliliters per four pads, right if you're just starting out in your newbie, and you want to learn about it Probably drop it down to about 75 milliliters per floor pads and then work your way back up to a hundred milliliters Four four four pads and make sure that you're pushing the pet the seeds out So it's not to cause root rot or what they call dampening down dampening off dampening off.
Sure So basically what you want is you want single-file only please right you want one seed in the area Maybe it's kind of touching its neighbor, but they're not like stacked up on top of each other That's definitely a no-no So it would be true to say Larry that on The you know root rot issue would be better to under seed Versus over seed which can then help your issues, even though you might not have a nice lunch tray of my creams no snow So Mike repeats, but at least you're not gonna have a root rot, right? And so it's so we tell a lot of a lot of our clients that come her to learn how to how to grow that Are having issues with over seeding cut it down to 75 milliliters put less seeds on but you still got a really nice pad of microgreens with with even 75% amount of seeds on it versus 200 hundred milliliters of seeds still a nice pad of microgreens cool Cool.
So yeah, that's that mistake number two.
Don't make that mistake Make sure you see properly not too many right and it's better to do under and over So Larry, what's that third mistake that people make third mistake Ruud Harris using root hairs with Mold I'm trying out and I'm gonna tell you when I first started I was throwing out tray after tray after tray I was looking at the trays and they all had this white fuzzy stuff down by the roots It looks like mold it's white and I was like, oh my gosh I got mold and I'm sowing tray after tray out and my wife comes in and she says what are you doing? Larry and I said all these trays have mold in it She said Larry that can't be so you've got to be doing I said no I said seed guy He's selling me moldy seeds Like so I called up the the guy over at Mountain Valley seeds or truly seeds about it and said Larry get a magnifying glass Take a look at those things and hit them with a little bit of water and they'll jump back because it's living Those are root hairs.
They look exactly like mold if you would you like to see some.
Yeah, let's see some get some out So this is basically a whole tray that just got seated and is now growing if you guys look closely You'll see these are all here.
So I'll show the camera while you talk about it.
So those are root hairs So actually what it is is the roots sending out little feelers to get more nutrients in it.
They're not mold It looks like mold because it's white It's actually root hairs.
They'll dissipate some of them get pretty dense and But they don't cause any other issues or not.
They're not bad for you.
You can eat them.
They're part of the plant they're fine Cool, so how can somebody determine if its root hairs or not? So if they got like a micro maker magnifying glass to look and then what you you pour so you Pour some water on on and they move or what happened to me to make sure If you're concerned that you have mold and you have these root hairs the root hairs are in the entire tray it's not just a little section of the tray the entire tray has root hairs in it all your pads all your Substrate that you're growing on even your soil will have a little bit of root hairs in it Not just a little spot.
If it's mold, it's normally in just a little spot on one or two pads It's not towards the entire tray.
The entire tray is covered with some kind of white fuzzy stuff Nine times out of ten his root hairs.
I see so then when that once the microgreens get taller, right Can you still see root hairs or at that point if there's some white fuzzy stuff at the top, is that mold? Yeah, so as the microgreens get taller the root hair stay down towards the bottom.
They don't migrate up the plant They're only at the very bottom They're normally about a quarter inch to a half inch deep at the very bottom of the plant and it covers the entire plant If it's mold and it creeps up, it'll be up near the top near the leafy part Not too much towards the bottom now if it turns grey That's root rot.
And now you're getting root rot from some other pits eating too dense or whatever but if it's just staying at the very bottom It looks like cotton at the very bottom little cotton balls and you hit it with some water and it jumps back Those are root hairs I see now is what mold always be white or does mold coming different colors on the microphone so mold comes in white and it comes in black or Grayish color, so it's gray or black then that's bad for sure for sure and if it's white creepy root hairs if it's into the bottom if it's up near the top Like on the stem or on the leaves that's definitely mold, right? So if it looks like a spiderweb on the very top that's definitely mold, right? I've never seen green mold in microgreens I've only seen white and black cool so if you have microgreens are starting to mold like I would take them and Put in my garden outside to see if they'll just grow because it doesn't matter once the Sun hits it it'll kill and all this Stuff now the other question I have for you Larry is like if somebody's not selling the Mike Greene's you notice for sale and they just wanna like somehow still utilize the Mike greens Like if we eat the mold of that bad for us mean what cheese is mold right that blue stuff? Can you just take them like greens and and cook them up? And that's gonna kill the mold then we're fine if we eat them.
I mean, what's your take on that? So, I personally I would just if I had mold and in a certain area here I would just pick that moldy spot off and throw it out and then I would take some hydrogen peroxide and Spray it around the microgreens and spray it on the lid maybe as well as they're still in termination and kill it and That way they with this rest of the nice elated area You would totally kill removed get rid of and then you would let the rest of the flat continued out to first row, right? And some if your if it's root hairs It normally happens in germination most mold issues happen in vegetative state under the lights every blue moon though You get some mouldy seats from the grower or from the seed guy that then as soon as in two or three days after your growing you'll start to see a spiderweb coming out of the before the roots start to come out you actually see a spiderweb starting to come out of the seed that's moldy seeds from their Seed cellar and you need to contact your seed seller and tell me I found mold in my trays I found mold in my seeds What do you think and he knows I mean it because you're not the only one reporting it probably yeah so he'll know and in an RC guy is really great about fixing that issue for for people that have issues with moldy seeds and it does happen It does happen.
Yeah, I mean the thing is get proper seed but we're gonna talk about that mistake in a minute So alright, Larry So what is mistake number four and that Mike your greens growers make? The biggest one did biggest issue that I have in the grow room is fruit flies I have a lot of fruit flies off and on Because I have a lot of guests and a lot of people come in and another grow room They might have been at Whole Foods before they came here They might have been at their farm and one of those little critters got on him at the grocery store at the farm They came in here and they thought they died and went to heaven I mean, there's so much greener in there and so much sweet just sweetness happening is fruit flies I don't have any other issues with gnats or aphids or any other big big produce when I call big produce issues I have fruit flies and we have a really good way to get rid of the fruit flies wheel a shot back that we actually vacuum out the trays with as we get the fruit flies and we also set up a fish tank aerator thing with some Redd's Apple ale so you put a Redd's Apple ale in here with some dish soap and two cups of water With this fish tank type area.
Tur Bubbler and hook it up to a fish tank pull this down and what it actually does It creates a Tower of foam from the Redd's Apple ale Read sample label is the stuff they sold as a liquor store.
It's Apple ale that smells like rotting apples I think that you probably some apple cider vinegar you could add some cider vinegar as well The only problem with the apple cider vinegar is I it might cut the bubbles down that you get some powder See, it's right a bubble Yeah So the bubbles the Redd's Apple ale really makes a nice almost like an ice cream cone effect and those fruit flies fly right in it and They get stuck and they can't leave.
We actually have a video on how to make this.
Yeah I'll put a link down below to uh, Larry's YouTube channel.
So you check out all those videos there So and then what would so fungus douse? It's not an issue for your growth because you're not using like a coconut core or a soil Medium you're using it pads that actually we'll learn about in a little bit cuz choosing the right Medium to grow your things a but what would people do about that? So so a lot of people they grow in soil and instead of sanitizing the soil after every time they use it They just keep reusing the soil over and over again Well, you should be sanitizing because if you have if you have a gnat and he lays his eggs, or she lays her eggs Sorry she lays her eggs in the soil and you don't sanitize that soil by heating it up and Killing the the larvae in the in the eggs in that soil the next plan you give out they come again So you're fighting a losing battle you need to keep on top of it Athens I don't have any if it's I've heard of people have an Athens in the room I think they might be growing other larger plants and they're in the grow room.
That's attracting the Athens Yeah, I mean have clean and sterile conditions, you know basically otherwise and Follow Larry system that he's devised to minimize any problem that you guys are gonna have in the first place.
All right there So what's the next biggest mistake that Birds make? Under watering and over watering.
And what does that bring? Also that goes back to the mold and a root rot over watering under watering.
So we have this system of watering It's it's a basically we use this nice wand.
I called the arrow scribe pink job girl Shrive Yes, and I was like God you could get any paint any car for 99 dollars or something exactly So it's like painting or a car so it's back and forth back and forth Right like this for 30 seconds 30 seconds 30 seconds giving a full coverage up and down up and down and It's the only when their keys are germinating and they're only it made the roots into that pads exactly.
This is only in germination You're watering from the top and we use these lids also So you would also spray the lids for another 10 seconds making sure you create a nice moisture barrier inside the tray now when you're watering from the bottom and In the trays on the rack make see what you do is you pour those you're poor you take the tray And we turn it around here a little bit and you tilt it and you see some water building up in the bottom down here The water builds up in the bottom if you can bring the water up to your first knuckle, right? That's plenty of water in the bottom of the tray.
You don't need to add any more water But if you needed to add more water Basically how I do is this pour a cup of water in here? Swish it around a little bit So this is on the side of the tray where it just goes right down to the bottom of the tray You're not actually watering it on to it, right? Exactly.
And that's why we left this opening a border Yeah, me and the trim rollers don't actually do that because you want to maximize their space, right? So we actually opened our pads that only fit There's eight pads per tray and they you but them all the way up against the one and they leave about an inch Gap in the bottom here that's to be able to check the watering There's a rhyme to our reason a reason to our rhyming or whatever deal So somebody wasn't using your system like Halladay control so that they would so they would control watering Basically the same way you're still with when you're watering in soil and everything like that You want to make sure that you don't mist from the top? When it's in vegetative state that that's the biggest issue that most people have is they thinking these a little foliage spray on the top? Full of spray on the top of a micro green when it's so dense what happens is a water gets down between the stems and the stems are together and The water will get down in here and start to cause the stem to rot because it's creating heat in there Never never do a folded spring full of spray on your big plants is great They love it, right your tomato plants and although this stuff microgreens.
Now you want a water from the bottom They're taking all that nutrients up from the water in the bottom of the tray And I guess the amount of water is depending on how much is already in there So you don't want to put too much not too little right? So it's actually just something you're gonna have to learn Yeah It's just a rule of thumb and I and I use a finger method that you stick your finger in here and when it comes up to the first knuckle when You tilt it at about a 45 degree angle and it comes up to the first knuckle here.
That's plenty of water So your finger is a dipstick now that you're basically study on sand make sure that you're right at the right little point Exactly just like on a car and a dipstick make sure you have enough oil in it.
All right, cool Well, you're making things really easy for people if they follow your exact system What's a six mistake that many growers may make when growing microgreens Larry so they think the room should be nice and hot They think it should be like a greenhouse high humidity in nice and hot well, not for microgreens because again They're really dense And so you don't want the high humidity because you don't want any morning dew Filming on the top of the microgreens in the morning and stuff like that You want the temperature between 68 and 72 degrees that also keeps the bugs out Because the bugs don't propagate the bugs start to propagate when the temperature gets above like 75 degrees 80 degrees in there They'd like it nice and warm they like that sauna effect going on and you keep the humidity down 35 to 50 percent is what we recommend the humidity to be in the grow room also keeps the smell of the grow room down and bein square in our house Zana my wife if she if she smelled microgreens downstairs in our house and everything as guests we're coming in and people be like What's that smell in your house now? There's no smell you keep that humidity down.
There's no smell The other thing is you got to empty the humidifier.
So we empty about two To two five-gallon buckets a day worth of water out of this room Wow, yeah We dumped a lot of water.
We dumped a lot of water out of the air So you think two does ten gallons of water a day that we're dumping Wow So do you rent if you get fired 24 hours a day here we run the humidifier 20 we run the humidifier dehumidifier 24/7 we run the air the standalone air conditioning air 24/7 in the summertime and in the late fall early Fall and we have a duckling.
We have a ductless air conditioning unit up on the top that we run year-round I see there's no heat on in this room So in the wintertime the temperature in this room might drop to 30 to 40 degrees but it's okay for the microgreens because the microgreens are creating enough heat and the lights are creating enough eat and The power boxes are creating enough heat that they won't they won't freeze So, I guess you may not need to do humidifier depends on where you live right If you live in Las Vegas or Phoenix where it's really dry, that's like the perfect conditions.
Don't add a Humidifier to make it more humid.
You're good there But if you're in Hawaii somewhere, you're like Baltimore East Coast, you know, it has to be more humid than it It'd be a really good idea.
Right right, and I can tell you some of our best growers are in the more arid areas, likewise like Las Vegas Arizona, New Mexico Those areas were so nice and arid it just seems like the microgreens really grow break down in those areas.
Awesome All right.
So what's the seventh biggest mistake that growers make when growing microgreens? Using the wrong substrate wrong substrate or soil or soil that already.
It's a technical.
Jargon, right? So so soil the issue was growing with soil is soil can't be taken into the kitchen So if you're selling to a chef you have to cut the microgreens and bring it to them You can't sell it to them living So you can't take soil into the kitchen coco coir a lot of a lot of Health Department people Look at coconut coir and they think it's soil.
So therefore that also can't be brought into the grow room And the other thing is is what are you going to do with the coconut coir in the in the soil after you get done? Using it each time.
I've got a big compost pile at back I don't know because you're gonna have to be cutting it to sell it to the restaurants Also, there's hemp.
So this is another substrate but the problem with this is too flimsy You'll put your microgreens on this you put it in the tray you wet it down Pretty soon you go to pick it up and you can't pick it up.
It falls all apart and Some of this is certified organic and some of its not it's kind of hard to get hemp certified organic in the States Especially if it's growing here because of the legalities of it It's a nice product, but it's just too flimsy for us Right if you were if if you put it in the Train You'll put your seeds on a little bit of water You have to use a spatula to pick it up and put it into a container.
Whatever The other thing is is there's flex.
This is bio straight.
I don't know what's in this I Mean I had a guy give me some stuff to grow and he called it Cambodian swamp grass and it looked like this and I can tell you I put it in the tray and the microgreens Oh my gosh, they were huge and I called open I asked him I said, you know what's in that Cambodian swell grass you've got I said what kind of fertilizers you're putting in that to make or grow like that? Oh nothing I'm not adding anything and I'm like, alright, you got to be adding something to that we grew up here We only use water.
We don't want any fertilizers.
We don't want any secondary Chemicals or anything coming into our microgreens, so we're not using that The other thing you got to be careful is the coconut fiber that you bind So this is what we grow on we grow on coconut fiber where microgreen growers Right, we grow microgreens.
We designed micro green.
We designed a substrate to grow microgreens.
We don't make shoes We don't make bricks.
We don't make anything out of coconut coir we make growing pads If you smell that All right.
Yeah kind of smells like a rubber tire.
Yeah Way way too much Latex, and I'm not sure You know, I don't know the manufacturer of this stuff.
I'm not sure what's in the latex, right? There's there's what was that a seam? It might not be beaten for those you guys are a vegan that are worried about that It's like a protein they use it as like a glue right so they add that to soften out the latex They might be using synthetic latex.
I don't know All right I do know what's in our pad and I do know it's a hundred percent natural tree gum, which is very concerning to me You don't know what's being uptake into your roots.
You don't know what your you're eating Hence why we use food-safe plastics and everything else right? It's all the way down to the substrate.
Yeah so the growing medium you're using whether that's a coconut core or Soil potting soil or you want to use some kind of like soil as substrate basically? Which is an acre and it's going to hold the seeds on you know, Larry only recommends using the right one that he's researched He's developed.
He's worked with manufacturers to get the right, you know, consistency the right to you know, gums that hold together That's like non-toxic all vegan doesn't have any casing in there And if you're getting you know ones just randomly on Amazon because it's five cents cheaper, right? It's um, you know, it's not the right one.
It may not work.
You may hold too much moisture And it also may not break down.
Also, you know smell yours.
Oh wow Yeah, yours hasn't more much more mild, like like since like this one's a lot stronger So what can happen is somebody's using like say coconut coir, right? So so coconut corners are good I'll use a lot.
I see those people are using that right so coconut coir is good I mean, I'm not knocking the coconut core, but it you can't grow hydroponically with it You can't grow you have to grow in ten twenty trays or even grow in these trays that we have But there's no there's it's not a hydroponic operation it's a traditional growing method where you're putting the seeds down inside the coconut coir right or the soil and And we decided that we wanted to grow Hydroponically and that we wanted to control the amount of nutrients going into the plants where we just feed it water and that's it Don't know what's in a coconut corner that you're buying don't know what's in the soil that you're buying the potting mix that you're buying I know what's in this and I know what's in the water that I'm giving to the plants.
So therefore we're going 100% pure Yeah It's just basically taking out some of the issues because I mean I've ran across people that have been buying coconut coir from one source They're using it successfully their period of time and then all of a sudden they're even though they order from the same place Their grow fails because the the product is inconsistent.
There's inconsistencies Coconut coir could not be washed properly can have too many salts So basically what Larry's noticed once again create a system, so it's just getting to work straight every single time.
You're gonna be successful So yeah, I mean I would definitely encourage you guys to use but what Larry knows works and what he's designed To work instead of one that might look like the same thing, but it's totally not Alright, so Larry, what's the next mistake that many growers can make seeds seeds? Oh that's you by buying the wrong seeds buying not certified seed men right so You got to make sure that when you buy seeds that they have this nice label on it that talks about the germination rates When the seeds were harvested all that stuff lot number number active tractable exactly because if somebody gets sick for your microgreens and the health department shows up at your farm and they want to know where you bought those seeds from I Bought them from Johns City hydro right now, that doesn't work They want to see a tag like this and you could be held liable.
Who knows, right? Yeah I mean if you're going on for yourself just for personal consumption, right? They may have mold or contamination issues They they may not grow properly You just you just don't know.
So I always want to encourage you guys to be safe rather than sorry I mean some seeds could be have Ecoline.
I know some seed sellers when they're selling sprouting seeds They test those and they go out for microbial tests before they are sold for growing sprouts The other thing is treated seeds so you don't know if you're buying from Some eBay channel or or Amazon where the guy is not a USDA certified seed man You could be buying treated seeds now treated seeds aren't so bad if I'm a farmer and I'm planting a seed Here in a seed here in a seed here Treated seeds it's going to dissipate the fungicides and everything else that are in there soon I'm gonna do a big plant didn't ever you know It's not a big problem because you're not cutting small any a lot of them, right? But if I'm doing this and I'm putting thousands of seeds on this pad and these trees are seated I mean, sorry, these seeds are treated You're gonna get a lot of chemicals down inside the water that's going to get up taked into the roots The other thing is is all treated seeds are marked and they say poisonous not for human consumption That's because you're not supposed to be eating them Now, you know I've had people contact me about flower seeds and the guy who was selling dirt cheap and I was like wow That's amazing.
That's an amazing price.
How are you getting that price? And he told me you know, I go down to the Walmart and I buy the birdseed and I said you do what he said I go down to the Walmart and I buy the birdseed I Repackage it and I sell it.
He said that's how come I can sell it first so cheap and I said Do you know those seeds are treated those seeds are not for human consumption? If you look right on the bag of your bird seat it says enough for human consumption There's a reason for it, you know Even some seed companies that I've contacted they asked me because I'm buying so many seeds They said are you're not eating those seeds are you even though they're not treated they're still concerned about? People eating large quantities of raw seeds.
So the seed companies where you're buying from you need to make sure that they're certified Mountain-valley Johnny's mums all those guys are certified seed providers Some of them aren't just buyer beware Yeah So make sure you get the proper seats for growing microgreens and if they're labeled a sauce now just some random seed seller on Amazon Or Ebay what you guys like? Oh, I'm saving so much money like Yeah, you just don't know you could have issues contamination treated Do yourselves a favor get the right seeds? All right, leery, so what's mistake number nine that people make when grow my Theory's growing in non food safe plastics? Why does that make a difference? Leaching leach leaching.
Hi, it's Steve.
This is that black tray.
This is that famous player.
Everybody uses those Oh and the whole battery the industry man, everybody does in fact I can tell you so we're working on some new plastic so the plastic lady came to talk to us and she was telling us about these trays and how bad they are and Especially if they're made in third-world countries Where there's no regulations of what they're putting in the plastic What they're putting in for fillers in the trays.
These are plastic trays they fall apart PVC has been proven to leach the lead into water systems, so Fertilize if you're using fertilizers corrosive, right? So it eats into the plastic piece in a plastic it draws all the chemicals out you need either into your water system that you have that you're feeding your plants or to the soil itself if you're using fertilizers, even if you're not using fertilizers letting water sit in a tray That's non-food safe.
Plastic will still leach things out.
So this is non food safe at all I have no idea what this is made of I know it's blast but I know what's in it.
It's just really bad This is another tray now This looks better man.
It's like nice and hard cloudy.
It's got this flexible junk right, but it's AVS plastic Okay, so it's non food safe.
It's not certified food safe.
Even though some people out there say hey my trays our food safe I ask Oh your trays our food safe.
Are they certified? FDA food safe if If they're not certified food safe, I won't use them we don't use any non certified food safe plastics in this room and off for our bus tubs to our Water buckets or anything got to be certified food safe And so what what problem will that cause do the grower grow my greens? I mean my trees no fighting here right go find in here.
You're not going to get sick tomorrow if you eat them It's a residual effect, right? You keep eating stuff that's grown in non food safe plastics It's a matter of time before you develop either cancer or something else from the non from the lead I mean children take children It takes a grain of salt The size of a grain of salt of lead when they're in development when their brains in the development stage to have issues Right, they don't have issues that day.
They're not drinking some water with let in it and getting sick that day It's years later down the road Toxic buildup.
I would look at glipizide glyphosate, yeah All right.
Yeah, so use the right trees guys Any if you're using these guys now, hey, you know upgrade yourself your lives, you know to the nicer trades I mean they cost more money, right? These guys are cheap you got if you can get these at growth stores and all this kind of stuff super cheap those guys don't Set you back But those guys I mean literally the ones that I saw last year when I was here they're still in circulation is still working They lost like years and years.
They're all out last these guys buy like a hundred times easily They actually have a lifetime guarantee one Wow lifetime guarantee.
So you use it forever Until your until your life ends You'll be growing in these boots eight remove trays.
All right now there so I think we're dad's on the last Mistake that people make when they're growing microgreens and I think this is a pretty big one, right? Yeah Yeah, so like everybody when I first started growing microgreens, I thought I had to grow every kind of micro green I grew 80-some plus different kinds of microgreens.
I thought it was fantastic Caused me a lot of issues Because some seeds are much harder to grow some seeds are much easier to grow I was trying things with chefs chefs to call me up and say, you know, I really didn't much care for that red ton That's something yeah red tone is actually a mahogany tree of the Tibet Oh, I got some see facts out there, you know one day I like to eat those.
I wanna see what tastes nice 225 dollars a pound for the seeds it tastes like Fried onions Wow, that entry is amazing flavor But at 225 dollars a pound for the seeds the return on investment for that tray Isn't there growing amorous? Amaranth is a really nice looking micro green.
It's really difficult to grow it Everybody has issues growing amaura though that are growing in soil coconut coir on our pads and hamp There are also always kinds of issues with with cameras.
Why grow it I can tell you our chefs don't much care for amaranth It's just doesn't look good on a plate.
It tastes great has a nice spinach flavor to it, but it's too difficult to grow sunflowers This year was a really bad year for sunflower seeds lots of mold in the sunflower seeds people were getting a lots of moldy trays of Sunflowers because the previous year was so wet this year's even wetter to me I mean, I don't know we've been getting rain every freaking day here.
So Lots of mold in it, so it's a difficult plan to grow I can tell you if all I had to do was grow three kinds of microgreens I would grow three types of microgreens.
I would grow leek peas and ranch Those are the easiest ones the easiest ones to grow and the best return on investment radishes are cheap peas are dirt cheap right leeks a little bit more expensive but seed wise you know People amethyst is an expensive seed Basil's an expensive seed if you lose a tray a mereth or a tray of basil You lost a lot of money if you lose a tray of Peas You don't lose so much money So the mistake is don't grow the wrong Kinds of microgreens choose the ones that are the easiest to grow especially if you're a beginner, you know If you've been growing my greens for five years like Larry you want to experiment some some harder ones to grow? I mean he has the skills now to do that if he wants to But I want you guys to start off and follow up what he says I mean he's been doing this running this business now for five years successfully so the the leeks the radishes and the piezo and what kind of Peas because I know there's different kinds of you know radishes and they're all pretty much gonna grow fast Just like in my garden random, but what kind of piece specifically because I know some peas may do better than others, right? Sure So we grow we grow one kind of piece.
We used to grow a bunch of different kinds of peas we found that the green sprouting peas or the afina peas were the best ones to grow because they grow to a certain height and they kind of start to slow down like Australian field peas or dumb peas or or Those other piece they just keep growing pretty soon.
You've got a tree Coming out of the tray with with the Fila peas that are sprouting peas they don't get bigger than seven to ten inches and they get a lot of nice tentacles on them and People the chefs love all those little tentacles coming out because it looks great on the plate Plus they have a really sweet pea flavor to them Radishes we grow we grow Rambo red or sorry Rambo radish with China rose mixed So we use a mixture of seeds there because we get a nice purple and green texture in the tray oh and the leeks what kind of needs to grow so leeks we grow American flag leek and we leave the little Black seeds on the top.
It kind of gives it an oniony bagel flavor to it And it's a really nice looking black and with a black little nib on the top with a nice green base Yeah, it actually makes me hungry one's gonna eat some more leaks right now actually Wow, so Larry's there.
He has it He's share with you guys a 10 biggest mistakes when growing microgreens, so now you guys can avoid doing those mistakes you guys be successful and growing my cream So literally before we go to have any other final tips or comments or words of wisdom You want to share my viewers today about growing microgreens? Now have fun it.
It's amazing and don't give up So a lot of people start doing their trays and maybe the first two or three trays don't turn out right Keep going keep at it if it was easy Everybody would be doing it, right III keep up to it I just keep after it and go after and go after I can tell you the amount of people that have come here for training And its successful amount of people that we have is amazing because they kept at it.
They didn't give up Yeah, I mean, that's what I want to encourage you guys to do, right? There's always a way you will figure it out, you know, don't give up I like to say, you know, if you did it unsuccessful you're made a mistake That's a success because you wouldn't successfully how not to do something Right, and if you want to play around and watch videos to grow my community, that's great I encourage you guys to do that start an experiment today start trying to grow things See what happens if you can't afford the expensive food safe ones Okay, you know try to get some kind of trays and whatever you guys can to start growing microgreens, it's bad It's better than nothing when you get some money then you know Then get the upgrade but here's the thing right if you guys are really serious about growing microgreens Right.
You want to learn from an expert, right? Learning on YouTube is great.
But you know Larry has an amazing deal then for $1,000 You literally get a gross set up just like this you see behind him, right? You'll get the setup But also he's gonna give you two days of free training here That's only if you buy the kit, you can't get the free training without the kit there and You're gonna come here at the Baltimore in this very room that I'm sitting at and you're gonna go for two full days of learning how to grow the microgreens so that you're not gonna make any mistakes and you will be successful at growing microgreens and in my mind my personal opinion is that It's probably the best thousand dollars if you want to grow some food that you've ever gonna spend because you're going to be set up With with the rack with a proven success Strategy that toy works.
Plus you're gonna get two days of training Like hands-on with other people that are learning with you at the same time so that you could go home and literally feed your fan for life with the training and the supplies that Larry will be providing you.
So yeah, check the link down below how to grow macaroons and make $100,000 a year that I did here with Larry that pretty much explains the whole setup He's changed a few things since I was here last but that's pretty much it for this episode right microgreens I will say are probably one of the most nutritious foods on the planet I believe everybody should be growing them.
And when I come to your house to visit just be me some microphones.
I'll be quite happy So anyways, if you guys enjoyed this episode here With Larry learning about microwaves.
Hey, please be sure to give me a thumbs up you lots of thumbs ups I'll come back next time I'm here in Baltimore doing another video with a Larry so you guys could learn from his wisdom and get inspired to Grow and be successful at growing more microgreens also Be sure to click that subscribe button right down below so you don't miss out on any of my new and upcoming episodes Upcoming every three to four days You never know for sure or what you'd be learning and make sure if you're already subscriber or a new subscriber Click the little bell.
It's very important So you get notified YouTube will actually send you a notification that hey Jon post a new video today so you can watch it before anybody else and Learn as I'm learning literally in all my travels and in my backyard growing food for myself Also, be sure to check my past episodes Oh my god my episodes my past episodes are a wealth of knowledge over 400 episodes at this time teach you guys all Aspects and how you guys to grow your own food home, whether that's Mike Greene's or full size crops or fruit trees I got videos on all those topics.
So yeah, be sure to check those out And also be sure to share this video with somebody else something that has been trying to grow microgreens Unsuccessfully once they hear Larry's tips.
That'll definitely set them on the trajectory To being more successful so well with that, my name is john kohler with growingyourgreens.
Com We'll see you next time and until then remember keep on growing – take a moment out of this episode today to remind you guys that we're still doing Growingyourgreens t-shirt fundraiser, so if you want to support me my work you could definitely buy Growingyourgreens t-shirts that directly supports me to allow me to continue to make my educational videos plus you definitely get a really cool organic cotton Growingyourgreens t-shirt.
So yeah, check the link down below Compassion tees comm link is also at the end of this video so when you're done watching the video click over and Support me while you still can and also get a cool organic t-shirt at the same time You.
Hello Friends! Today we will make a cocktail solution asa foliar spray for instantly energizing our growing plants.
This not only make your plant grow faster,but also produces loads of flowering and fruiting.
And everything you see in the video are basedon scientific concepts and research.
The main advantage of this magic foliar sprayis that its independent of your soil ph.
All that is coming up.
If you are interested in Gardening, pleasesubscribe to my channel with the bell icon clicked.
Well, before I show you the actual recipeor the Formula for the making of our so called magic solution, you must know some Basic concepts.
Please do not skip these 5 points am gonnadiscuss now.
Will try to make it as short and as simpleas possible, specially for beginners.
What do you mean by foliar Spray?Foliage meansleaves! So the term foliar spray says it all, thatis Spraying a liquid fertilizer on your plants foliage which aids in absorption of certainessential elements like calcium, magnesium through their stomata.
Stomata are pores found in the epidermis ofleaves which help in nutrient absorption and also gas exchange.
Next Point is about Calcium and Its importance:Calcium is the most important component of a plants cell wall.
Hence for cell division and growth its indispensable,especially in rapid growers like tomatoes.
So we will keep this point in mind and addcalcium into our mix.
Next Point is about Magnesium and Its importance:Did you know Magnesium is the central atom in between four nitrogen atoms in the chlorophyllmolecule.
For beginners, Chlorophyll is the pigmentpresent in leaves which is essential for photosynthesis, that is plant food production.
So we will keep this point in mind and addmagnesium into our mix using our famous organic Epsom salt.
Soil PH concept: We have discussed in detailabout the importance of soil ph in nutrient absorption in my video titled Ideal Soil PHfor plants.
You can check that from the end screen linkat the end of this video and also in description.
Well! when it comes to foliar spray of fertilizersolution, its completely independent of the soil PH, because nutrients are absorbed throughleaves.
So you can utilize this concept if your plantsare not performing well despite all your efforts, care, fertilizing, watering promptly and whatnot! Many viewers keep asking the same question.
So why not make it a habit of alternatingyour feeds, that is fertilizing your plants once in 15 days with foliar spray to feedyour plants.
Because this idea is independent of soil PHvalue.
And last concept: Many Experts recommend applyingegg shells andcalcium tablets to soil and some evenmake a smoothie juice or paste usingall kitchen waste like banana peels, fruit peels and what not.
This in perhaps unscientific according tome to directly apply to your plants.
I do not know! If you have any scientific explanation tothis, please do write in the comment box.
What I feel is why not utilize this idea ofmaking this smoothie and keeping a dedicated heavy duty blender or mixer for this purposefor faster composting.
Yes! if you are adding this paste to yourcompost bin and feeding your earth worms, this can accelerate composting process.
Well, Now moving on to the Formula or therecipe of this Magic Fertilizer liquid.
I will quickly list out the ingredients oneby one and quickly explain the benefit of each of these components.
Water: Nothing to explain about this universalsolvent.
We will formulate this recipe for 1 literof water.
Milk: You can use skimmed milk or if availableRaw milk is best.
You can even use spoilt milk, butter milkor stuff like that.
Use it with lower than 20 percent dilutionin water that is 1:5 dilution.
So you can add about 100 ml or 200 ml milkto our universal solvent.
Milk is not only a source of calcium, butalso an antifungal for treatment of powdery mildew and blossom end rot disease on tomatoand other vegetable plants.
It also kills many plant viruses like tobaccomosaic virus.
In place if milk you can add 1 liter of aspecial water.
Yes that's special calcium rich water forplants.
It s nothing but the left over water afteryou hard boil few eggs.
The egg shells release a lot of calcium intothis water during boiling.
Epsom Salt that is magnesium sulfate whichis a greatest source of magnesium and sulfur.
This is easily available at a gardening storeor at your local pharmacist and even online.
So the dosage is max 5 gms or little lesserthan a teaspoon per 1 liter of water.
Then the Most important ingredient for addingthe major NPK elements into the foliar spray is COMPOST TEA.
So, how do you make compost tea? Its really simple.
Just Add a handful of decomposed manure orcompost like cowdung powder or vermicompost per liter of water.
You can make your own quantity of 2 litersor 5 liters depending on your garden size.
Allow this to brew for atleast 1 week.
Make sure you stir this atleast once every24 hours to oxygenate this mix till 1 week.
Then strain out the liquid using a cloth anduse this liquid.
I shall make a detailed video some other timeon how to use some simple gadgets like an aquarium air pump to quickly make your composttea.
Well, For now, Once the compost tea is ready,you should dilute this like 1:5 in water and then add about 1 liter to the above solution.
Normally if you are using only the composttea as a foliar spray, you need to use 1:10 dilution.
But here we are making a 2.
1 liter solutionin total.
I Hope you got my point! That is it, mix it thoroughly and load thespray bottle or use your electric sprayer or whatever and foliar feed your plants.
Spray very early in the morning or late inthe evening because leaf stomatas are well opened at this period so that absorption happensat its best.
So, there we have it folks, Please click athumbs up if you like the video.
Also comment your feedback or queries belowin the comment section below the video.
Share this video on social media like whatsappor facebook.
Consider subscribing if you are new to thischannel.
we start our tomatoes indoors in mid-March, about 6 weeks before the last frost and 7 to 8 weeks before transplanting into the garden.
Though it’s very tempting to start earlier, we’ve found that it doesn’t provide a significant advantage.
In early May, when nighttime temps are in the 40’s or above, we move the tomatoes outside, preferably on an overcast day, and place them in the shade.
This begins the hardening off process.
Over the course of the next week or two, we gradually move them out of the shade and into the sun.
This allows them to adapt to outdoor conditions and reduces subscale.
Sometime around mid-May, when nighttime temperatures are mostly in the 50’s or above, we transplant the tomatoes.
Much of our garden is partially shaded, so we save the sunniest spots for tomatoes.
We also practice crop rotation and don’t plant tomatoes where tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, or eggplants grew the prior year.
Tomatoes can grow new roots along the stem, so we plant them fairly deep, leaving only about 4 to 6 inches above ground and snipping branches if needed.
We space our indeterminate tomatoes one per square foot and prune suckers to prevent overcrowding.
This helps maximize yields per square foot.
When the plants get taller, we also prune the lowest branches to reduce blight.
As the plants grow, we weave them through the trellis grid, which usually provides more than enough support for the plants.
When they reach the top of our 8 foot trellises, we top them off to encourage fruit production.
Tomatoes need moderate to high watering during the growth stage and light watering at harvest time.
We have a lot of rain in the extended forecast, so we probably won’t have to water much in the near future.
In a couple of weeks, when soil temperatures are higher, we’ll mulch the tomatoes to reduce watering requirements.
This will also reduce soil splash, which will protect the plants from blight.
Finally, we’ve found through experience and a soil test that compost, worm castings, and mulch from free local resources provide more than enough nutrients for our tomatoes and the rest of our plants.
that’s all for now.